Adi Parwa 1

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Mahabharata 1.1
ॐ नारायणं नमस्कृत्य नरं चैव नरॊत्तमम
देवीं सरस्वतीं चैव ततॊ जयम उदीरयेत
Om nārāyaṇaṃ namaskṛtya naraṃ caiva narottamam
devīṃ sarasvatīṃ caiva tato jayam udīrayet
Om! Having bowed down to Narayana and Nara, the most exalted male being, and also to the goddess Saraswati, must the word Jaya be uttered.

Adi Parwa 1

  1 लॊमहर्षणपुत्र उग्रश्रवाः सूतः पौराणिकॊ नैमिषारण्ये शौनकस्य कुलपतेर दवादशवार्षिके सत्रे
  2 समासीनान अभ्यगच्छद बरह्मर्षीन संशितव्रतान
      विनयावनतॊ भूत्वा कदा चित सूतनन्दनः
  3 तम आश्रमम अनुप्राप्तं नैमिषारण्यवासिनः
      चित्राः शरॊतुं कथास तत्र परिवव्रुस तपस्विनः
  4 अभिवाद्य मुनींस तांस तु सर्वान एव कृताञ्जलिः
      अपृच्छत स तपॊवृद्धिं सद्भिश चैवाभिनन्दितः
  5 अथ तेषूपविष्टेषु सर्वेष्व एव तपस्विषु
      निर्दिष्टम आसनं भेजे विनयाल लॊमहर्षणिः
  6 सुखासीनं ततस तं तु विश्रान्तम उपलक्ष्य च
      अथापृच्छद ऋषिस तत्र कश चित परस्तावयन कथाः
  7 कृत आगम्यते सौते कव चायं विहृतस तवया
      कालः कमलपत्राक्ष शंसैतत पृच्छतॊ मम
  8 [सूत]
      जनमेजयस्य राजर्षेः सर्पसत्रे महात्मनः
      समीपे पार्थिवेन्द्रस्य सम्यक पारिक्षितस्य च
  9 कृष्णद्वैपायन परॊक्ताः सुपुण्या विविधाः कथाः
      कथिताश चापि विधिवद या वैशम्पायनेन वै
  10 शरुत्वाहं ता विचित्रार्था महाभारत संश्रिताः
     बहूनि संपरिक्रम्य तीर्थान्य आयतनानि च
 11 समन्तपञ्चकं नाम पुण्यं दविजनिषेवितम
     गतवान अस्मि तं देशं युद्धं यत्राभवत पुरा
     पाण्डवानां कुरूणां च सर्वेषां च महीक्षिताम
 12 दिदृक्षुर आगतस तस्मात समीपं भवताम इह
     आयुष्मन्तः सर्व एव बरह्मभूता हि मे मताः
 13 अस्मिन यज्ञे महाभागाः सूर्यपावक वर्चसः
     कृताभिषेकाः शुचयः कृतजप्या हुताग्नयः
     भवन्त आसते सवस्था बरवीमि किम अहं दविजाः
 14 पुराणसंश्रिताः पुण्याः कथा वा धर्मसंश्रिताः
     इतिवृत्तं नरेन्द्राणाम ऋषीणां च महात्मनाम
 15 [रसयह]
     दवैपायनेन यत परॊक्तं पुराणं परमर्षिणा
     सुरैर बरह्मर्षिभिश चैव शरुत्वा यद अभिपूजितम
 16 तस्याख्यान वरिष्ठस्य विचित्रपदपर्वणः
     सूक्ष्मार्थ नयाययुक्तस्य वेदार्थैर भूषितस्य च
 17 भारतस्येतिहासस्य पुण्यां गरन्थार्थ संयुताम
     संस्कारॊपगतां बराह्मीं नानाशास्त्रॊपबृंहिताम
 18 जनमेजयस्य यां राज्ञॊ वैशम्पायन उक्तवान
     यथावत स ऋषिस तुष्ट्या सत्रे दवैपायनाज्ञया
 19 वेदैश चतुर्भिः समितां वयासस्याद्भुत कर्मणः
     संहितां शरॊतुम इच्छामॊ धर्म्यां पापभयापहाम
 20 [सूत]
     आद्यं पुरुषम ईशानं पुरुहूतं पुरु षटुतम
     ऋतम एकाक्षरं बरह्म वयक्ताव्यक्तं सनातनम
 21 असच च सच चैव च यद विश्वं सद असतः परम
     परावराणां सरष्टारं पुराणं परम अव्ययम
 22 मङ्गल्यं मङ्गलं विष्णुं वरेण्यम अनघं शुचिम
     नमस्कृत्य हृषीकेशं चराचरगुरुं हरिम
 23 महर्षेः पूजितस्येह सर्वलॊके महात्मनः
     परवक्ष्यामि मतं कृत्स्नं वयासस्यामित तेजसः
 24 आचख्युः कवयः के चित संप्रत्याचक्षते परे
     आख्यास्यन्ति तथैवान्ये इतिहासम इमं भुवि
 25 इदं तु तरिषु लॊकेषु महज जञानं परतिष्ठितम
     विस्तरैश च समासैश च धार्यते यद दविजातिभिः
 26 अलंकृतं शुभैः शब्दैः समयैर दिव्यमानुषैः
     छन्दॊ वृत्तैश च विविधैर अन्वितं विदुषां परियम
 27 निष्प्रभे ऽसमिन निरालॊके सर्वतस तमसावृते
     बृहद अण्डम अभूद एकं परजानां बीजम अक्षयम
 28 युगस्यादौ निमित्तं तन महद दिव्यं परचक्षते
     यस्मिंस तच छरूयते सत्यं जयॊतिर बरह्म सनातनम
 29 अद्भुतं चाप्य अचिन्त्यं च सर्वत्र समतां गतम
     अव्यक्तं कारणं सूक्ष्मं यत तत सदसद आत्मकम
 30 यस्मात पितामहॊ जज्ञे परभुर एकः परजापतिः
     बरह्मा सुरगुरुः सथाणुर मनुः कः परमेष्ठ्य अथ
 31 पराचेतसस तथा दक्षॊ दष्क पुत्राश च सप्त ये
     ततः परजानां पतयः पराभवन्न एकविंशतिः
 32 पुरुषश चाप्रमेयात्मा यं सर्वम ऋषयॊ विदुः
     विश्वे देवास तथादित्या वसवॊ ऽथाश्विनाव अपि
 33 यक्षाः साध्याः पिशाचाश च गुह्यकाः पितरस तथा
     ततः परसूता विद्वांसः शिष्टा बरह्मर्षयॊ ऽमलाः
 34 राजर्षयश च बहवः सर्वैः समुदिता गुणैः
     आपॊ दयौः पृथिवी वायुर अन्तरिक्षं दिशस तथा
 35 संवत्सरर्तवॊ मासाः पक्षाहॊ रात्रयः करमात
     यच चान्यद अपि तत सर्वं संभूतं लॊकसाक्षिकम
 36 यद इदं दृश्यते किं चिद भूतं सथावरजङ्गमम
     पुनः संक्षिप्यते सर्वं जगत पराप्ते युगक्षये
 37 यथर्ताव ऋतुलिङ्गानि नानारूपाणि पर्यये
     दृश्यन्ते तानि तान्य एव तथा भावा युगादिषु
 38 एवम एतद अनाद्य अन्तं भूतसंहार कारकम
     अनादि निधनं लॊके चक्रं संपरिवर्तते
 39 तरयस तरिंशत सहस्राणि तरयस तरिंशच छतानि च
     तरयस तरिंशच च देवानां सृष्टिः संक्षेप लक्षणा
 40 दिवः पुत्रॊ बृहद भानुश चक्षुर आत्मा विभावसुः
     सविता च ऋचीकॊ ऽरकॊ भानुर आशा वहॊ रविः
 41 पुत्रा विवस्वतः सर्वे मह्यस तेषां तथावरः
     देव भराट तनयस तस्य तस्मात सुभ्राड इति समृतः
 42 सुभ्राजस तु तरयः पुत्राः परजावन्तॊ बहुश्रुताः
     दश जयॊतिः शतज्यॊतिः सहस्रज्यॊतिर आत्मवान
 43 दश पुत्रसहस्राणि दश जयॊतेर महात्मनः
     ततॊ दशगुणाश चान्ये शतज्यॊतेर इहात्मजाः
 44 भूयस ततॊ दशगुणाः सहस्रज्यॊतिषः सुताः
     तेभ्यॊ ऽयं कुरुवंशश च यदूनां भरतस्य च
 45 ययातीक्ष्वाकु वंशश च राजर्षीणां च सर्वशः
     संभूता बहवॊ वंशा भूतसर्गाः सविस्तराः
 46 भूतस्थानानि सर्वाणि रहस्यं विविधं च यत
     वेद यॊगं सविज्ञानं धर्मॊ ऽरथः काम एव च
 47 धर्मकामार्थ शास्त्राणि शास्त्राणि विविधानि च
     लॊकयात्रा विधानं च संभूतं दृष्टवान ऋषिः
 48 इतिहासाः सवैयाख्या विविधाः शरुतयॊ ऽपि च
     इह सर्वम अनुक्रान्तम उक्तं गरन्थस्य लक्षणम
 49 विस्तीर्यैतन महज जञानम ऋषिः संक्षेपम अब्रवीत
     इष्टं हि विदुषां लॊके समास वयास धारणम
 50 मन्वादि भारतं के चिद आस्तीकादि तथापरे
     तथॊपरिचराद्य अन्ये विप्राः सम्यग अधीयते
 51 विविधं संहिता जञानं दीपयन्ति मनीषिणः
     वयाख्यातुं कुशलाः के चिद गरन्थं धारयितुं परे
 52 तपसा बरह्मचर्येण वयस्य वेदं सनातनम
     इतिहासम इमं चक्रे पुण्यं सत्यवती सुतः
 53 पराशरात्मजॊ विद्वान बरह्मर्षिः संशितव्रतः
     मातुर नियॊगाद धर्मात्मा गाङ्गेयस्य च धीमतः
 54 कषेत्रे विचित्रवीर्यस्य कृष्णद्वैपायनः पुरा
     तरीन अग्नीन इव कौरव्याञ जनयाम आस वीर्यवान
 55 उत्पाद्य धृतराष्ट्रं च पाण्डुं विदुरम एव च
     जगाम तपसे धीमान पुनर एवाश्रमं परति
 56 तेषु जातेषु वृद्धेषु गतेषु परमां गतिम
     अब्रवीद भारतं लॊके मानुषे ऽसमिन महान ऋषिः
 57 जनमेजयेन पृष्टः सन बराह्मणैश च सहस्रशः
     शशास शिष्यम आसीनं वैशम्पायनम अन्तिके
 58 स सदस्यैः सहासीनः शरावयाम आस भारतम
     कर्मान्तरेषु यज्ञस्य चॊद्यमानः पुनः पुनः
 59 विस्तरं कुरुवंशस्य गान्धार्या धर्मशीलताम
     कषत्तुः परज्ञां धृतिं कुन्त्याः सम्यग दवैपायनॊ ऽबरवीत
 60 वासुदेवस्य माहात्म्यं पाण्डवानां च सत्यताम
     दुर्वृत्तं धार्तराष्ट्राणाम उक्तवान भगवान ऋषिः
 61 चतुर्विंशतिसाहस्रीं चक्रे भारत संहिताम
     उपाख्यानैर विना तावद भारतं परॊच्यते बुधैः
 62 ततॊ ऽधयर्धशतं भूयः संक्षेपं कृतवान ऋषिः
     अनुक्रमणिम अध्यायं वृत्तान्तानां सपर्वणाम
 63 इदं दवैपायनः पूर्वं पुत्रम अध्यापयच छुकम
     ततॊ ऽनयेभ्यॊ ऽनुरूपेभ्यः शिष्येभ्यः परददौ परभुः
 64 नारदॊ ऽशरावयद देवान असितॊ देवलः पितॄन
     गन्धर्वयक्षरक्षांसि शरावयाम आस वै शुकः
 65 दुर्यॊधनॊ मन्युमयॊ महाद्रुमः; सकन्धः कर्णः शकुनिस तस्य शाखाः
     दुःशासनः पुष्पफले समृद्धे; मूलं राजा धृतराष्ट्रॊ ऽमनीषी
 66 युधिष्ठिरॊ धर्ममयॊ महाद्रुमः; सकन्धॊ ऽरजुनॊ भीमसेनॊ ऽसय शाखाः
     माद्री सुतौ पुष्पफले समृद्धे; मूलं कृष्णॊ बरह्म च बराह्मणाश च
 67 पाण्डुर जित्वा बहून देशान युधा विक्रमणेन च
     अरण्ये मृगया शीलॊ नयवसत सजनस तदा
 68 मृगव्यवाय निधने कृच्छ्रां पराप स आपदम
     जन्मप्रभृति पार्थानां तत्राचार विधिक्रमः
 69 मात्रॊर अभ्युपपत्तिश च धर्मॊपनिषदं परति
     धर्मस्य वायॊः शक्रस्य देवयॊश च तथाश्विनॊः
 70 तापसैः सह संवृद्धा मातृभ्यां परिरक्षिताः
     मेध्यारण्येषु पुण्येषु महताम आश्रमेषु च
 71 ऋषिभिश च तदानीता धार्तराष्ट्रान परति सवयम
     शिशवश चाभिरूपाश च जटिला बरह्मचारिणः
 72 पुत्राश च भरातरश चेमे शिष्याश च सुहृदश च वः
     पाण्डवा एत इत्य उक्त्वा मुनयॊ ऽनतर्हितास ततः
 73 तांस तैर निवेदितान दृष्ट्वा पाण्डवान कौरवास तदा
     शिष्टाश च वर्णाः पौरा ये ते हर्षाच चुक्रुशुर भृशम
 74 आहुः के चिन न तस्यैते तस्यैत इति चापरे
     यदा चिरमृतः पाण्डुः कथं तस्येति चापरे
 75 सवागतं सर्वथा दिष्ट्या पाण्डॊः पश्याम संततिम
     उच्यतां सवागतम इति वाचॊ ऽशरूयन्त सर्वशः
 76 तस्मिन्न उपरते शब्दे दिशः सर्वा विनादयन
     अन्तर्हितानां भूतानां निस्वनस तुमुलॊ ऽभवत
 77 पुष्पवृष्टिं शुभा गन्धाः शङ्खदुन्दुभिनिस्वनाः
     आसन परवेशे पार्थानां तद अद्भुतम इवाभवत
 78 तत परीत्या चैव सर्वेषां पौराणां हर्षसंभवः
     शब्द आसीन महांस तत्र दिवस्पृक कीर्तिवर्धनः
 79 ते ऽपय अधीत्याखिलान वेदाञ शास्त्राणि विविधानि च
     नयवसन पाण्डवास तत्र पूजिता अकुतॊभयाः
 80 युधिष्ठिरस्य शौचेन परीताः परकृतयॊ ऽभवन
     धृत्या च भीमसेनस्य विक्रमेणार्जुनस्य च
 81 गुरुशुश्रूषया कुन्त्या यमयॊर विनयेन च
     तुतॊष लॊकः सकलस तेषां शौर्यगुणेन च
 82 समवाये ततॊ राज्ञां कन्यां भर्तृस्वयंवराम
     पराप्तवान अर्जुनः कृष्णां कृत्वा कर्म सुदुष्करम
 83 ततः परभृति लॊके ऽसमिन पूज्यः सर्वधनुष्मताम
     आदित्य इव दुष्प्रेक्ष्यः समरेष्व अपि चाभवत
 84 स सर्वान पार्थिवाञ जित्वा सर्वांश च महतॊ गणान
     आजहारार्जुनॊ राज्ञे राजसूयं महाक्रतुम
 85 अन्नवान दक्षिणावांश च सर्वैः समुदितॊ गुणैः
     युधिष्ठिरेण संप्राप्तॊ राजसूयॊ महाक्रतुः
 86 सुनयाद वासुदेवस्य भीमार्जुनबलेन च
     घातयित्वा जरासंधं चैद्यं च बलगर्वितम
 87 दुर्यॊधनम उपागच्छन्न अर्हणानि ततस ततः
     मणिकाञ्चनरत्नानि गॊहस्त्यश्वधनानि च
 88 समृद्धां तां तथा दृष्ट्वा पाण्डवानां तदा शरियम
     ईर्ष्या समुत्थः सुमहांस तस्य मन्युर अजायत
 89 विमानप्रतिमां चापि मयेन सुकृतां सभाम
     पाण्डवानाम उपहृतां स दृष्ट्वा पर्यतप्यत
 90 यत्रावहसितश चासीत परस्कन्दन्न इव संभ्रमात
     परत्यक्षं वासुदेवस्य भीमेनानभिजातवत
 91 स भॊगान विविधान भुञ्जन रत्नानि विविधानि च
     कथितॊ धृतराष्ट्रस्य विवर्णॊ हरिणः कृशः
 92 अन्वजानाद अतॊ दयूतं धृतराष्ट्रः सुतप्रियः
     तच छरुत्वा वासुदेवस्य कॊपः समभवन महान
 93 नातिप्रीति मनाश चासीद विवादांश चान्वमॊदत
     दयूतादीन अनयान घॊरान परवृद्धांश चाप्य उपैक्षत
 94 निरस्य विदुरं दरॊणं भीष्मं शारद्वतं कृपम
     विग्रहे तुमुले तस्मिन्न अहन कषत्रं परस्परम
 95 जयत्सु पाण्डुपुत्रेषु शरुत्वा सुमहद अप्रियम
     दुर्यॊधन मतं जञात्वा कर्णस्य शकुनेस तथा
     धृतराष्ट्रश चिरं धयात्वा संजयं वाक्यम अब्रवीत
 96 शृणु संजय मे सर्वं न मे ऽसूयितुम अर्हसि
     शरुतवान असि मेधावी बुद्धिमान पराज्ञसंमतः
 97 न विग्रहे मम मतिर न च परीये कुरु कषये
     न मे विशेषः पुत्रेषु सवेषु पाण्डुसुतेषु च
 98 वृद्धं माम अभ्यसूयन्ति पुत्रा मन्युपरायणाः
     अहं तव अचक्षुः कार्पण्यात पुत्र परीत्या सहामि तत
     मुह्यन्तं चानुमुह्यामि दुर्यॊधनम अचेतनम
 99 राजसूये शरियं दृष्ट्वा पाण्डवस्य महौजसः
     तच चावहसनं पराप्य सभारॊहण दर्शने
 100 अमर्षितः सवयं जेतुम अशक्तः पाण्डवान रणे
    निरुत्साहश च संप्राप्तुं शरियम अक्षत्रियॊ यथा
    गान्धारराजसहितश छद्म दयूतम अमन्त्रयत
101 तत्र यद यद यथा जञातं मया संजय तच छृणु
    शरुत्वा हि मम वाक्यानि बुद्ध्या युक्तानि तत्त्वतः
    ततॊ जञास्यसि मां सौते परज्ञा चक्षुषम इत्य उत
102 यदाश्रौषं धनुर आयम्य चित्रं; विद्धं लक्ष्यं पातितं वै पृथिव्याम
    कृष्णां हृतां पश्यतां सर्वराज्ञां; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
103 यदाश्रौषं दवारकायां सुभद्रां; परसह्यॊढां माधवीम अर्जुनेन
    इन्द्रप्रस्थं वृष्णिवीरौ च यातौ; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
104 यदाश्रौषं देवराजं परवृष्टं; शरैर दिव्यैर वारितं चार्जुनेन
    अग्निं तथा तर्पितं खाण्डवे च; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
105 यदाश्रौषं हृतराज्यं युधिष्ठिरं; पराजितं सौबलेनाक्षवत्याम
    अन्वागतं भरातृभिर अप्रमेयैस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
106 यदाश्रौषं दरौपदीम अश्रुकण्ठीं; सभां नीतां दुःखिताम एकवस्त्राम
    रजस्वलां नाथवतीम अनाथवत; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
107 यदाश्रौषं विविधास तात चेष्टा; धर्मात्मनां परस्थितानां वनाय
    जयेष्ठप्रीत्या कलिश्यतां पाण्डवानां; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
108 यदाश्रौषं सनातकानां सहस्रैर; अन्वागतं धर्मराजं वनस्थम
    भिक्षाभुजां बराह्मणानां महात्मनां; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
109 यदाश्रौषम अर्जुनॊ देवदेवं; किरात रूपं तर्यम्बकं तॊष्य युद्धे
    अवाप तत पाशुपतं महास्त्रं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
110 यदाश्रौषं तरिदिवस्थं धनंजयं; शक्रात साक्षाद दिव्यम अस्त्रं यथावत
    अधीयानं शंसितं सत्यसंधं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
111 यदाश्रौषं वैश्रवणेन सार्धं; समागतं भीमम अन्यांश च पार्थान
    तस्मिन देशे मानुषाणाम अगम्ये; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
112 यदाश्रौषं घॊषयात्रा गतानां; बन्धं गन्धर्वैर मॊक्षणं चार्जुनेन
    सवेषां सुतानां कर्ण बुद्धौ रतानां; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
113 यदाश्रौषं यक्षरूपेण धर्मं; समागतं धर्मराजेन सूत
    परश्नान उक्तान विब्रुवन्तं च सम्यक; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
114 यदाश्रौषं मामकानां वरिष्ठान; धनंजयेनैक रथेन भग्नान
    विराट राष्ट्रे वसता महात्मना; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
115 यदाश्रौषं सत्कृतां मत्स्यराज्ञा; सुतां दत्ताम उत्तराम अर्जुनाय
    तां चार्जुनः परत्यगृह्णात सुतार्थे; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
116 यदाश्रौषं निर्जितस्याधनस्य; परव्राजितस्य सवजनात परच्युतस्य
    अक्षौहिणीः सप्त युधिष्ठिरस्य; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
117 यदाश्रौषं नरनारायणौ तौ; कृष्णार्जुनौ वदतॊ नारदस्य
    अहं दरष्टा बरह्मलॊके सदेति; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
118 यदाश्रौषं माधवं वासुदेवं; सर्वात्मना पाण्डवार्थे निविष्टम
    यस्येमां गां विक्रमम एकम आहुस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
119 यदाश्रौषं कर्णदुर्यॊधनाभ्यां; बुद्धिं कृतां निग्रहे केशवस्य
    तं चात्मानं बहुधा दर्शयानं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
120 यदाश्रौषं वासुदेवे परयाते; रथस्यैकाम अग्रतस तिष्ठमानाम
    आर्तां पृथां सान्त्वितां केशवेन; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
121 यदाश्रौषं मन्त्रिणं वासुदेवं; तथा भीष्मं शांतनवं च तेषाम
    भारद्वाजं चाशिषॊ ऽनुब्रुवाणं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
122 यदाश्रौषं कर्ण उवाच भीष्मं; नाहं यॊत्स्ये युध्यमाने तवयीति
    हित्वा सेनाम अपचक्राम चैव; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
123 यदाश्रौषं वासुदेवार्जुनौ तौ; तथा धनुर गाण्डिवम अप्रमेयम
    तरीण्य उग्रवीर्याणि समागतानि; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
124 यदाश्रौषं कश्मलेनाभिपन्ने; रथॊपस्थे सीदमाने ऽरजुने वै
    कृष्णं लॊकान दर्शयानं शरीरे; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
125 यदाश्रौषं भीष्मम अमित्रकर्शनं; निघ्नन्तम आजाव अयुतं रथानाम
    नैषां कश चिद वध्यते दृश्यरूपस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
126 यदाश्रौषं भीष्मम अत्यन्तशूरं; हतं पार्थेनाहवेष्व अप्रधृष्यम
    शिखण्डिनं पुरतः सथापयित्वा; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
127 यदाश्रौषं शरतल्पे शयानं; वृद्धं वीरं सादितं चित्रपुङ्खैः
    भीष्मं कृत्वा सॊमकान अल्पशेषांस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
128 यदाश्रौषं शांतनवे शयाने; पानीयार्थे चॊदितेनार्जुनेन
    भूमिं भित्त्वा तर्पितं तत्र भीष्मं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
129 यदाश्रौषं शुक्रसूर्यौ च युक्तौ; कौन्तेयानाम अनुलॊमौ जयाय
    नित्यं चास्माञ शवापदा वयाभषन्तस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
130 यदा दरॊणॊ विविधान अस्त्रमार्गान; विदर्शयन समरे चित्रयॊधी
    न पाण्डवाञ शरेष्ठतमान निहन्ति; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
131 यदाश्रौषं चास्मदीयान महारथान; वयवस्थितान अर्जुनस्यान्तकाय
    संसप्तकान निहतान अर्जुनेन; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
132 यदाश्रौषं वयूहम अभेद्यम अन्यैर; भारद्वाजेनात्त शस्त्रेण गुप्तम
    भित्त्वा सौभद्रं वीरम एकं परविष्टं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
133 यदाभिमन्युं परिवार्य बालं; सर्वे हत्वा हृष्टरूपा बभूवुः
    महारथाः पार्थम अशक्नुवन्तस; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
134 यदाश्रौषम अभिमन्युं निहत्य; हर्षान मूढान करॊशतॊ धार्तराष्ट्रान
    करॊधं मुक्तं सैन्धवे चार्जुनेन; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
135 यदाश्रौषं सैन्धवार्थे परतिज्ञां; परतिज्ञातां तद वधायार्जुनेन
    सत्यां निस्तीर्णां शत्रुमध्ये च; तेन तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
136 यदाश्रौषं शरान्तहये धनंजये; मुक्त्वा हयान पाययित्वॊपवृत्तान
    पुनर युक्त्वा वासुदेवं परयातं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
137 यदाश्रौषं वाहनेष्व आश्वसत्सु; रथॊपस्थे तिष्ठता गाण्डिवेन
    सर्वान यॊधान वारितान अर्जुनेन; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
138 यदाश्रौषं नागबलैर दुरुत्सहं; दरॊणानीकं युयुधानं परमथ्य
    यातं वार्ष्णेयं यत्र तौ कृष्ण पार्थौ; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
139 यदाश्रौषं कर्णम आसाद्य मुक्तं; वधाद भीमं कुत्सयित्वा वचॊभिः
    धनुष्कॊट्या तुद्य कर्णेन वीरं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
140 यदा दरॊणः कृतवर्मा कृपश च; कर्णॊ दरौणिर मद्रराजश च शूरः
    अमर्षयन सैन्धवं वध्यमानं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
141 यदाश्रौषं देवराजेन दत्तां; दिव्यां शक्तिं वयंसितां माधवेन
    घटॊत्कचे राक्षसे घॊररूपे; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
142 यदाश्रौषं कर्ण घटॊत्कचाभ्यां; युद्धे मुक्तां सूतपुत्रेण शक्तिम
    यया वध्यः समरे सव्यसाची; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
143 यदाश्रौषं दरॊणम आचार्यम एकं; धृष्टद्युम्नेनाभ्यतिक्रम्य धर्मम
    रथॊपस्थे परायगतं विशस्तं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
144 यदाश्रौषं दरौणिना दवैरथस्थं; माद्रीपुत्रं नकुलं लॊकमध्ये
    समं युद्धे पाण्डवं युध्यमानं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
145 यदा दरॊणे निहते दरॊणपुत्रॊ; नारायणं दिव्यम अस्त्रं विकुर्वन
    नैषाम अन्तं गतवान पाण्डवानां; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
146 यदाश्रौषं कर्णम अत्यन्तशूरं; हतं पार्थेनाहवेष्व अप्रधृष्यम
    तस्मिन भरातॄणां विग्रहे देव गुह्ये; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
147 यदाश्रौषं दरॊणपुत्रं कृपं च; दुःशासनं कृतवर्माणम उग्रम
    युधिष्ठिरं शून्यम अधर्षयन्तं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
148 यदाश्रौषं निहतं मद्रराजं; रणे शूरं धर्मराजेन सूत
    सदा संग्रामे सपर्धते यः स कृष्णं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
149 यदाश्रौषं कलहद्यूतमूलं; मायाबलं सौबलं पाण्डवेन
    हतं संग्रामे सहदेवेन पापं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
150 यदाश्रौषं शरान्तम एकं शयानं; हरदं गत्वा सतम्भयित्वा तद अम्भः
    दुर्यॊधनं विरथं भग्नदर्पं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
151 यदाश्रौषं पाण्डवांस तिष्ठमानान; गङ्गा हरदे वासुदेवेन सार्धम
    अमर्षणं धर्षयतः सुतं मे; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
152 यदाश्रौषं विविधांस तात मार्गान; गदायुद्धे मण्डलं संचरन्तम
    मिथ्या हतं वासुदेवस्य बुद्ध्या; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
153 यदाश्रौषं दरॊणपुत्रादिभिस तैर; हतान पाञ्चालान दरौपदेयांश च सुप्तान
    कृतं बीभत्समय शस्यं च कर्म; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
154 यदाश्रौषं भीमसेनानुयातेन; अश्वत्थाम्ना परमास्त्रं परयुक्तम
    करुद्धेनैषीकम अवधीद येन गर्भं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
155 यदाश्रौषं बरह्मशिरॊ ऽरजुनेन मुक्तं; सवस्तीत्य अस्त्रम अस्त्रेण शान्तम
    अश्वत्थाम्ना मणिरत्नं च दत्तं; तदा नाशंसे विजयाय संजय
156 यदाश्रौषं दरॊणपुत्रेण गर्भे; वैराट्या वै पात्यमाने महास्त्रे
    दवैपायनः केशवॊ दरॊणपुत्रं; परस्परेणाभिशापैः शशाप
157 शॊच्या गान्धारी पुत्रपौत्रैर विहीना; तथा वध्वः पितृभिर भरातृभिश च
    कृतं कार्यं दुष्करं पाण्डवेयैः; पराप्तं राज्यम असपत्नं पुनस तैः
158 कष्टं युद्धे दश शेषाः शरुता मे; तरयॊ ऽसमाकं पाण्डवानां च सप्त
    दव्यूना विंशतिर आहताक्षौहिणीनां; तस्मिन संग्रामे विग्रहे कषत्रियाणाम
159 तमसा तव अभ्यवस्तीर्णॊ मॊह आविशतीव माम
    संज्ञां नॊपलभे सूत मनॊ विह्वलतीव मे
160 इत्य उक्त्वा धृतराष्ट्रॊ ऽथ विलप्य बहुदुःखितः
    मूर्च्छितः पुनर आश्वस्तः संजयं वाक्यम अब्रवीत
161 संजयैवं गते पराणांस तयक्तुम इच्छामि माचिरम
    सतॊकं हय अपि न पश्यामि फलं जीवितधारणे
162 तं तथा वादिनं दीनं विलपन्तं महीपतिम
    गावल्गणिर इदं धीमान महार्थं वाक्यम अब्रवीत
163 शरुतवान असि वै राज्ञॊ महॊत्साहान महाबलान
    दवैपायनस्य वदतॊ नारदस्य च धीमतः
164 महत्सु राजवंशेषु गुणैः समुदितेषु च
    जातान दिव्यास्त्रविदुषः शक्र परतिमतेजसः
165 धर्मेण पृथिवीं जित्वा यज्ञैर इष्ट्वाप्त दक्षिणैः
    अस्मिँल लॊके यशः पराप्य ततः कालवशं गताः
166 वैन्यं महारथं वीरं सृञ्जयं जयतां वरम
    सुहॊत्रं रन्ति देवं च कक्षीवन्तं तथौशिजम
167 बाह्लीकं दमनं शैब्यं शर्यातिम अजितं जितम
    विश्वामित्रम अमित्रघ्नम अम्बरीषं महाबलम
168 मरुत्तं मनुम इक्ष्वाकुं गयं भरतम एव च
    रामं दाशरथिं चैव शशबिन्दुं भगीरथम
169 ययातिं शुभकर्माणं देवैर यॊ याजितः सवयम
    चैत्ययूपाङ्किता भूमिर यस्येयं सवनाकरा
170 इति राज्ञां चतुर्विंशन नारदेन सुरर्षिणा
    पुत्रशॊकाभितप्ताय पुरा शैब्याय कीर्तिताः
171 तेभ्यश चान्ये गताः पूर्वं राजानॊ बलवत्तराः
    महारथा महात्मानः सर्वैः समुदिता गुणैः
172 पूरुः कुरुर यदुः शूरॊ विष्वग अश्वॊ महाधृतिः
    अनेना युवनाश्वश च ककुत्स्थॊ विक्रमी रघुः
173 विजिती वीति हॊत्रश च भवः शवेतॊ बृहद गुरुः
    उशीनरः शतरथः कङ्कॊ दुलिदुहॊ दरुमः
174 दम्भॊद्भवः परॊ वेनः सगरः संकृतिर निमिः
    अजेयः परशुः पुण्ड्रः शम्भुर देवावृधॊ ऽनघः
175 देवाह्वयः सुप्रतिमः सुप्रतीकॊ बृहद्रथः
    महॊत्साहॊ विनीतात्मा सुक्रतुर नैषधॊ नलः
176 सत्यव्रतः शान्तभयः सुमित्रः सुबलः परभुः
    जानु जङ्घॊ ऽनरण्यॊ ऽरकः परिय भृत्यः शुभव्रतः
177 बलबन्धुर निरामर्दः केतुशृङ्गॊ बृहद्बलः
    धृष्टकेतुर बृहत केतुर दीप्तकेतुर निरामयः
178 अविक्षित परबलॊ धूर्तः कृतबन्धुर दृढेषुधिः
    महापुराणः संभाव्यः परत्यङ्गः परहा शरुतिः
179 एते चान्ये च बहवः शतशॊ ऽथ सहस्रशः
    शरूयन्ते ऽयुतशश चान्ये संख्याताश चापि पद्मशः
180 हित्वा सुविपुलान भॊगान बुद्धिमन्तॊ महाबलाः
    राजानॊ निधनं पराप्तास तव पुत्रैर महत्तमाः
181 येषां दिव्यानि कर्माणि विक्रमस तयाग एव च
    माहात्म्यम अपि चास्तिक्यं सत्यता शौचम आर्जवम
182 विद्वद्भिः कथ्यते लॊके पुराणैः कवि सत्तमैः
    सर्वर्द्धि गुणसंपन्नास ते चापि निधनं गताः
183 तव पुत्रा दुरात्मानः परतप्ताश चैव मन्युना
    लुब्धा दुर्वृत्त भूयिष्ठा न ताञ शॊचितुम अर्हसि
184 शरुतवान असि मेधावी बुद्धिमान पराज्ञसंमतः
    येषां शास्त्रानुगा बुद्धिर न ते मुह्यन्ति भारत
185 निग्रहानुग्रहौ चापि विदितौ ते नराधिप
    नात्यन्तम एवानुवृत्तिः शरूयते पुत्र रक्षणे
186 भवितव्यं तथा तच च नातः शॊचितुम अर्हसि
    दैवं परज्ञा विशेषेण कॊ निवर्तितुम अर्हति
187 विधातृविहितं मार्गं न कश चिद अतिवर्तते
    कालमूलम इदं सर्वं भावाभावौ सुखासुखे
188 कालः पचति भूतानि कालः संहरति परजाः
    निर्दहन्तं परजाः कालं कालः शमयते पुनः
189 कालॊ विकुरुते भावान सर्वाँल लॊके शुभाशुभान
    कालः संक्षिपते सर्वाः परजा विसृजते पुनः
    कालः सर्वेषु भूतेषु चरत्य अविधृतः समः
190 अतीतानागता भावा ये च वर्तन्ति सांप्रतम
    तान कालनिर्मितान बुद्ध्वा न संज्ञां हातुम अर्हसि
191 [स]
    अत्रॊपनिषदं पुण्यां कृष्णद्वैपायनॊ ऽबरवीत
    भारताध्ययनात पुण्याद अपि पादम अधीयतः
    शरद्दधानस्य पूयन्ते सर्वपापान्य अशेषतः
192 देवर्षयॊ हय अत्र पुण्या बरह्म राजर्षयस तथा
    कीर्त्यन्ते शुभकर्माणस तथा यक्षमहॊरगाः
193 भगवान वासुदेवश च कीर्त्यते ऽतर सनातनः
    स हि सत्यम ऋतं चैव पवित्रं पुण्यम एव च
194 शाश्वतं बरह्म परमं धरुवं जयॊतिः सनातनम
    यस्य दिव्यानि कर्माणि कथयन्ति मनीषिणः
195 असत सत सद असच चैव यस्माद देवात परवर्तते
    संततिश च परवृत्तिश च जन्ममृत्युः पुनर्भवः
196 अध्यात्मं शरूयते यच च पञ्च भूतगुणात्मकम
    अव्यक्तादि परं यच च स एव परिगीयते
197 यत तद यति वरा युक्ता धयानयॊगबलान्विताः
    परतिबिम्बम इवादर्शे पश्यन्त्य आत्मन्य अवस्थितम
198 शरद्दधानः सदॊद्युक्तः सत्यधर्मपरायणः
    आसेवन्न इमम अध्यायं नरः पापात परमुच्यते
199 अनुक्रमणिम अध्यायं भारतस्येमम आदितः
    आस्तिकः सततं शृण्वन न कृच्छ्रेष्व अवसीदति
200 उभे संध्ये जपन किं चित सद्यॊ मुच्येत किल्बिषात
    अनुक्रमण्या यावत सयाद अह्ना रात्र्या च संचितम
201 भारतस्य वपुर हय एतत सत्यं चामृतम एव च
    नव नीतं यथा दध्नॊ दविपदां बराह्मणॊ यथा
202 हरदानाम उदधिः शरेष्ठॊ गौर वरिष्ठा चतुष्पदाम
    यथैतानि वरिष्ठानि तथा भरतम उच्यते
203 यश चैनं शरावयेच छराद्धे बराह्मणान पादम अन्ततः
    अक्षय्यम अन्नपानं तत पितॄंस तस्यॊपतिष्ठति
204 इतिहास पुराणाभ्यां वेदं समुपबृंहयेत
    बिभेत्य अल्पश्रुताद वेदॊ माम अयं परतरिष्यति
205 कार्ष्णं वेदम इमं विद्वाञ शरावयित्वार्थम अश्नुते
    भरूण हत्या कृतं चापि पापं जह्यान न संशयः
206 य इमं शुचिर अध्यायं पठेत पर्वणि पर्वणि
    अधीतं भारतं तेन कृत्स्नं सयाद इति मे मतिः
207 यश चेमं शृणुयान नित्यम आर्षं शरद्धासमन्वितः
    स दीर्घम आयुः कीर्तिं च सवर्गतिं चाप्नुयान नरः
208 चत्वार एकतॊ वेदा भारतं चैकम एकतः
    समागतैः सुरर्षिभिस तुलाम आरॊपितं पुरा
    महत्त्वे च गुरुत्वे च धरियमाणं ततॊ ऽधिकम
209 महत्त्वाद भारवत्त्वाच च महाभारतम उच्यते
    निरुक्तम अस्य यॊ वेद सर्वपापैः परमुच्यते
210 तपॊ न कल्कॊ ऽधययनं न कल्कः; सवाभाविकॊ वेद विधिर न कल्कः
    परसह्य वित्ताहरणं न कल्कस; तान्य एव भावॊपहतानि कल्कः

  1 lomaharṣaṇaputra ugraśravāḥ sūtaḥ paurāṇiko naimiṣāraṇye śaunakasya kulapater dvādaśavārṣike satre
  2 samāsīnān abhyagacchad brahmarṣīn saṃśitavratān
      vinayāvanato bhūtvā kadā cit sūtanandanaḥ
  3 tam āśramam anuprāptaṃ naimiṣāraṇyavāsinaḥ
      citrāḥ śrotuṃ kathās tatra parivavrus tapasvinaḥ
  4 abhivādya munīṃs tāṃs tu sarvān eva kṛtāñjaliḥ
      apṛcchat sa tapovṛddhiṃ sadbhiś caivābhinanditaḥ
  5 atha teṣūpaviṣṭeṣu sarveṣv eva tapasviṣu
      nirdiṣṭam āsanaṃ bheje vinayāl lomaharṣaṇiḥ
  6 sukhāsīnaṃ tatas taṃ tu viśrāntam upalakṣya ca
      athāpṛcchad ṛṣis tatra kaś cit prastāvayan kathāḥ
  7 kṛta āgamyate saute kva cāyaṃ vihṛtas tvayā
      kālaḥ kamalapatrākṣa śaṃsaitat pṛcchato mama
  8 [sūta]
      janamejayasya rājarṣeḥ sarpasatre mahātmanaḥ
      samīpe pārthivendrasya samyak pārikṣitasya ca
  9 kṛṣṇadvaipāyana proktāḥ supuṇyā vividhāḥ kathāḥ
      kathitāś cāpi vidhivad yā vaiśampāyanena vai
  10 śrutvāhaṃ tā vicitrārthā mahābhārata saṃśritāḥ
     bahūni saṃparikramya tīrthāny āyatanāni ca
 11 samantapañcakaṃ nāma puṇyaṃ dvijaniṣevitam
     gatavān asmi taṃ deśaṃ yuddhaṃ yatrābhavat purā
     pāṇḍavānāṃ kurūṇāṃ ca sarveṣāṃ ca mahīkṣitām
 12 didṛkṣur āgatas tasmāt samīpaṃ bhavatām iha
     āyuṣmantaḥ sarva eva brahmabhūtā hi me matāḥ
 13 asmin yajñe mahābhāgāḥ sūryapāvaka varcasaḥ
     kṛtābhiṣekāḥ śucayaḥ kṛtajapyā hutāgnayaḥ
     bhavanta āsate svasthā bravīmi kim ahaṃ dvijāḥ
 14 purāṇasaṃśritāḥ puṇyāḥ kathā vā dharmasaṃśritāḥ
     itivṛttaṃ narendrāṇām ṛṣīṇāṃ ca mahātmanām
 15 [rsayah]
     dvaipāyanena yat proktaṃ purāṇaṃ paramarṣiṇā
     surair brahmarṣibhiś caiva śrutvā yad abhipūjitam
 16 tasyākhyāna variṣṭhasya vicitrapadaparvaṇaḥ
     sūkṣmārtha nyāyayuktasya vedārthair bhūṣitasya ca
 17 bhāratasyetihāsasya puṇyāṃ granthārtha saṃyutām
     saṃskāropagatāṃ brāhmīṃ nānāśāstropabṛṃhitām
 18 janamejayasya yāṃ rājño vaiśampāyana uktavān
     yathāvat sa ṛṣis tuṣṭyā satre dvaipāyanājñayā
 19 vedaiś caturbhiḥ samitāṃ vyāsasyādbhuta karmaṇaḥ
     saṃhitāṃ śrotum icchāmo dharmyāṃ pāpabhayāpahām
 20 [sūta]
     ādyaṃ puruṣam īśānaṃ puruhūtaṃ puru ṣṭutam
     ṛtam ekākṣaraṃ brahma vyaktāvyaktaṃ sanātanam
 21 asac ca sac caiva ca yad viśvaṃ sad asataḥ param
     parāvarāṇāṃ sraṣṭāraṃ purāṇaṃ param avyayam
 22 maṅgalyaṃ maṅgalaṃ viṣṇuṃ vareṇyam anaghaṃ śucim
     namaskṛtya hṛṣīkeśaṃ carācaraguruṃ harim
 23 maharṣeḥ pūjitasyeha sarvaloke mahātmanaḥ
     pravakṣyāmi mataṃ kṛtsnaṃ vyāsasyāmita tejasaḥ
 24 ācakhyuḥ kavayaḥ ke cit saṃpratyācakṣate pare
     ākhyāsyanti tathaivānye itihāsam imaṃ bhuvi
 25 idaṃ tu triṣu lokeṣu mahaj jñānaṃ pratiṣṭhitam
     vistaraiś ca samāsaiś ca dhāryate yad dvijātibhiḥ
 26 alaṃkṛtaṃ śubhaiḥ śabdaiḥ samayair divyamānuṣaiḥ
     chando vṛttaiś ca vividhair anvitaṃ viduṣāṃ priyam
 27 niṣprabhe 'smin nirāloke sarvatas tamasāvṛte
     bṛhad aṇḍam abhūd ekaṃ prajānāṃ bījam akṣayam
 28 yugasyādau nimittaṃ tan mahad divyaṃ pracakṣate
     yasmiṃs tac chrūyate satyaṃ jyotir brahma sanātanam
 29 adbhutaṃ cāpy acintyaṃ ca sarvatra samatāṃ gatam
     avyaktaṃ kāraṇaṃ sūkṣmaṃ yat tat sadasad ātmakam
 30 yasmāt pitāmaho jajñe prabhur ekaḥ prajāpatiḥ
     brahmā suraguruḥ sthāṇur manuḥ kaḥ parameṣṭhy atha
 31 prācetasas tathā dakṣo daṣka putrāś ca sapta ye
     tataḥ prajānāṃ patayaḥ prābhavann ekaviṃśatiḥ
 32 puruṣaś cāprameyātmā yaṃ sarvam ṛṣayo viduḥ
     viśve devās tathādityā vasavo 'thāśvināv api
 33 yakṣāḥ sādhyāḥ piśācāś ca guhyakāḥ pitaras tathā
     tataḥ prasūtā vidvāṃsaḥ śiṣṭā brahmarṣayo 'malāḥ
 34 rājarṣayaś ca bahavaḥ sarvaiḥ samuditā guṇaiḥ
     āpo dyauḥ pṛthivī vāyur antarikṣaṃ diśas tathā
 35 saṃvatsarartavo māsāḥ pakṣāho rātrayaḥ kramāt
     yac cānyad api tat sarvaṃ saṃbhūtaṃ lokasākṣikam
 36 yad idaṃ dṛśyate kiṃ cid bhūtaṃ sthāvarajaṅgamam
     punaḥ saṃkṣipyate sarvaṃ jagat prāpte yugakṣaye
 37 yathartāv ṛtuliṅgāni nānārūpāṇi paryaye
     dṛśyante tāni tāny eva tathā bhāvā yugādiṣu
 38 evam etad anādy antaṃ bhūtasaṃhāra kārakam
     anādi nidhanaṃ loke cakraṃ saṃparivartate
 39 trayas triṃśat sahasrāṇi trayas triṃśac chatāni ca
     trayas triṃśac ca devānāṃ sṛṣṭiḥ saṃkṣepa lakṣaṇā
 40 divaḥ putro bṛhad bhānuś cakṣur ātmā vibhāvasuḥ
     savitā ca ṛcīko 'rko bhānur āśā vaho raviḥ
 41 putrā vivasvataḥ sarve mahyas teṣāṃ tathāvaraḥ
     deva bhrāṭ tanayas tasya tasmāt subhrāḍ iti smṛtaḥ
 42 subhrājas tu trayaḥ putrāḥ prajāvanto bahuśrutāḥ
     daśa jyotiḥ śatajyotiḥ sahasrajyotir ātmavān
 43 daśa putrasahasrāṇi daśa jyoter mahātmanaḥ
     tato daśaguṇāś cānye śatajyoter ihātmajāḥ
 44 bhūyas tato daśaguṇāḥ sahasrajyotiṣaḥ sutāḥ
     tebhyo 'yaṃ kuruvaṃśaś ca yadūnāṃ bharatasya ca
 45 yayātīkṣvāku vaṃśaś ca rājarṣīṇāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ
     saṃbhūtā bahavo vaṃśā bhūtasargāḥ savistarāḥ
 46 bhūtasthānāni sarvāṇi rahasyaṃ vividhaṃ ca yat
     veda yogaṃ savijñānaṃ dharmo 'rthaḥ kāma eva ca
 47 dharmakāmārtha śāstrāṇi śāstrāṇi vividhāni ca
     lokayātrā vidhānaṃ ca saṃbhūtaṃ dṛṣṭavān ṛṣiḥ
 48 itihāsāḥ savaiyākhyā vividhāḥ śrutayo 'pi ca
     iha sarvam anukrāntam uktaṃ granthasya lakṣaṇam
 49 vistīryaitan mahaj jñānam ṛṣiḥ saṃkṣepam abravīt
     iṣṭaṃ hi viduṣāṃ loke samāsa vyāsa dhāraṇam
 50 manvādi bhārataṃ ke cid āstīkādi tathāpare
     tathoparicarādy anye viprāḥ samyag adhīyate
 51 vividhaṃ saṃhitā jñānaṃ dīpayanti manīṣiṇaḥ
     vyākhyātuṃ kuśalāḥ ke cid granthaṃ dhārayituṃ pare
 52 tapasā brahmacaryeṇa vyasya vedaṃ sanātanam
     itihāsam imaṃ cakre puṇyaṃ satyavatī sutaḥ
 53 parāśarātmajo vidvān brahmarṣiḥ saṃśitavrataḥ
     mātur niyogād dharmātmā gāṅgeyasya ca dhīmataḥ
 54 kṣetre vicitravīryasya kṛṣṇadvaipāyanaḥ purā
     trīn agnīn iva kauravyāñ janayām āsa vīryavān
 55 utpādya dhṛtarāṣṭraṃ ca pāṇḍuṃ viduram eva ca
     jagāma tapase dhīmān punar evāśramaṃ prati
 56 teṣu jāteṣu vṛddheṣu gateṣu paramāṃ gatim
     abravīd bhārataṃ loke mānuṣe 'smin mahān ṛṣiḥ
 57 janamejayena pṛṣṭaḥ san brāhmaṇaiś ca sahasraśaḥ
     śaśāsa śiṣyam āsīnaṃ vaiśampāyanam antike
 58 sa sadasyaiḥ sahāsīnaḥ śrāvayām āsa bhāratam
     karmāntareṣu yajñasya codyamānaḥ punaḥ punaḥ
 59 vistaraṃ kuruvaṃśasya gāndhāryā dharmaśīlatām
     kṣattuḥ prajñāṃ dhṛtiṃ kuntyāḥ samyag dvaipāyano 'bravīt
 60 vāsudevasya māhātmyaṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ ca satyatām
     durvṛttaṃ dhārtarāṣṭrāṇām uktavān bhagavān ṛṣiḥ
 61 caturviṃśatisāhasrīṃ cakre bhārata saṃhitām
     upākhyānair vinā tāvad bhārataṃ procyate budhaiḥ
 62 tato 'dhyardhaśataṃ bhūyaḥ saṃkṣepaṃ kṛtavān ṛṣiḥ
     anukramaṇim adhyāyaṃ vṛttāntānāṃ saparvaṇām
 63 idaṃ dvaipāyanaḥ pūrvaṃ putram adhyāpayac chukam
     tato 'nyebhyo 'nurūpebhyaḥ śiṣyebhyaḥ pradadau prabhuḥ
 64 nārado 'śrāvayad devān asito devalaḥ pitṝn
     gandharvayakṣarakṣāṃsi śrāvayām āsa vai śukaḥ
 65 duryodhano manyumayo mahādrumaḥ; skandhaḥ karṇaḥ śakunis tasya śākhāḥ
     duḥśāsanaḥ puṣpaphale samṛddhe; mūlaṃ rājā dhṛtarāṣṭro 'manīṣī
 66 yudhiṣṭhiro dharmamayo mahādrumaḥ; skandho 'rjuno bhīmaseno 'sya śākhāḥ
     mādrī sutau puṣpaphale samṛddhe; mūlaṃ kṛṣṇo brahma ca brāhmaṇāś ca
 67 pāṇḍur jitvā bahūn deśān yudhā vikramaṇena ca
     araṇye mṛgayā śīlo nyavasat sajanas tadā
 68 mṛgavyavāya nidhane kṛcchrāṃ prāpa sa āpadam
     janmaprabhṛti pārthānāṃ tatrācāra vidhikramaḥ
 69 mātror abhyupapattiś ca dharmopaniṣadaṃ prati
     dharmasya vāyoḥ śakrasya devayoś ca tathāśvinoḥ
 70 tāpasaiḥ saha saṃvṛddhā mātṛbhyāṃ parirakṣitāḥ
     medhyāraṇyeṣu puṇyeṣu mahatām āśrameṣu ca
 71 ṛṣibhiś ca tadānītā dhārtarāṣṭrān prati svayam
     śiśavaś cābhirūpāś ca jaṭilā brahmacāriṇaḥ
 72 putrāś ca bhrātaraś ceme śiṣyāś ca suhṛdaś ca vaḥ
     pāṇḍavā eta ity uktvā munayo 'ntarhitās tataḥ
 73 tāṃs tair niveditān dṛṣṭvā pāṇḍavān kauravās tadā
     śiṣṭāś ca varṇāḥ paurā ye te harṣāc cukruśur bhṛśam
 74 āhuḥ ke cin na tasyaite tasyaita iti cāpare
     yadā ciramṛtaḥ pāṇḍuḥ kathaṃ tasyeti cāpare
 75 svāgataṃ sarvathā diṣṭyā pāṇḍoḥ paśyāma saṃtatim
     ucyatāṃ svāgatam iti vāco 'śrūyanta sarvaśaḥ
 76 tasminn uparate śabde diśaḥ sarvā vinādayan
     antarhitānāṃ bhūtānāṃ nisvanas tumulo 'bhavat
 77 puṣpavṛṣṭiṃ śubhā gandhāḥ śaṅkhadundubhinisvanāḥ
     āsan praveśe pārthānāṃ tad adbhutam ivābhavat
 78 tat prītyā caiva sarveṣāṃ paurāṇāṃ harṣasaṃbhavaḥ
     śabda āsīn mahāṃs tatra divaspṛk kīrtivardhanaḥ
 79 te 'py adhītyākhilān vedāñ śāstrāṇi vividhāni ca
     nyavasan pāṇḍavās tatra pūjitā akutobhayāḥ
 80 yudhiṣṭhirasya śaucena prītāḥ prakṛtayo 'bhavan
     dhṛtyā ca bhīmasenasya vikrameṇārjunasya ca
 81 guruśuśrūṣayā kuntyā yamayor vinayena ca
     tutoṣa lokaḥ sakalas teṣāṃ śauryaguṇena ca
 82 samavāye tato rājñāṃ kanyāṃ bhartṛsvayaṃvarām
     prāptavān arjunaḥ kṛṣṇāṃ kṛtvā karma suduṣkaram
 83 tataḥ prabhṛti loke 'smin pūjyaḥ sarvadhanuṣmatām
     āditya iva duṣprekṣyaḥ samareṣv api cābhavat
 84 sa sarvān pārthivāñ jitvā sarvāṃś ca mahato gaṇān
     ājahārārjuno rājñe rājasūyaṃ mahākratum
 85 annavān dakṣiṇāvāṃś ca sarvaiḥ samudito guṇaiḥ
     yudhiṣṭhireṇa saṃprāpto rājasūyo mahākratuḥ
 86 sunayād vāsudevasya bhīmārjunabalena ca
     ghātayitvā jarāsaṃdhaṃ caidyaṃ ca balagarvitam
 87 duryodhanam upāgacchann arhaṇāni tatas tataḥ
     maṇikāñcanaratnāni gohastyaśvadhanāni ca
 88 samṛddhāṃ tāṃ tathā dṛṣṭvā pāṇḍavānāṃ tadā śriyam
     īrṣyā samutthaḥ sumahāṃs tasya manyur ajāyata
 89 vimānapratimāṃ cāpi mayena sukṛtāṃ sabhām
     pāṇḍavānām upahṛtāṃ sa dṛṣṭvā paryatapyata
 90 yatrāvahasitaś cāsīt praskandann iva saṃbhramāt
     pratyakṣaṃ vāsudevasya bhīmenānabhijātavat
 91 sa bhogān vividhān bhuñjan ratnāni vividhāni ca
     kathito dhṛtarāṣṭrasya vivarṇo hariṇaḥ kṛśaḥ
 92 anvajānād ato dyūtaṃ dhṛtarāṣṭraḥ sutapriyaḥ
     tac chrutvā vāsudevasya kopaḥ samabhavan mahān
 93 nātiprīti manāś cāsīd vivādāṃś cānvamodata
     dyūtādīn anayān ghorān pravṛddhāṃś cāpy upaikṣata
 94 nirasya viduraṃ droṇaṃ bhīṣmaṃ śāradvataṃ kṛpam
     vigrahe tumule tasminn ahan kṣatraṃ parasparam
 95 jayatsu pāṇḍuputreṣu śrutvā sumahad apriyam
     duryodhana mataṃ jñātvā karṇasya śakunes tathā
     dhṛtarāṣṭraś ciraṃ dhyātvā saṃjayaṃ vākyam abravīt
 96 śṛṇu saṃjaya me sarvaṃ na me 'sūyitum arhasi
     śrutavān asi medhāvī buddhimān prājñasaṃmataḥ
 97 na vigrahe mama matir na ca prīye kuru kṣaye
     na me viśeṣaḥ putreṣu sveṣu pāṇḍusuteṣu ca
 98 vṛddhaṃ mām abhyasūyanti putrā manyuparāyaṇāḥ
     ahaṃ tv acakṣuḥ kārpaṇyāt putra prītyā sahāmi tat
     muhyantaṃ cānumuhyāmi duryodhanam acetanam
 99 rājasūye śriyaṃ dṛṣṭvā pāṇḍavasya mahaujasaḥ
     tac cāvahasanaṃ prāpya sabhārohaṇa darśane
 100 amarṣitaḥ svayaṃ jetum aśaktaḥ pāṇḍavān raṇe
    nirutsāhaś ca saṃprāptuṃ śriyam akṣatriyo yathā
    gāndhārarājasahitaś chadma dyūtam amantrayat
101 tatra yad yad yathā jñātaṃ mayā saṃjaya tac chṛṇu
    śrutvā hi mama vākyāni buddhyā yuktāni tattvataḥ
    tato jñāsyasi māṃ saute prajñā cakṣuṣam ity uta
102 yadāśrauṣaṃ dhanur āyamya citraṃ; viddhaṃ lakṣyaṃ pātitaṃ vai pṛthivyām
    kṛṣṇāṃ hṛtāṃ paśyatāṃ sarvarājñāṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
103 yadāśrauṣaṃ dvārakāyāṃ subhadrāṃ; prasahyoḍhāṃ mādhavīm arjunena
    indraprasthaṃ vṛṣṇivīrau ca yātau; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
104 yadāśrauṣaṃ devarājaṃ pravṛṣṭaṃ; śarair divyair vāritaṃ cārjunena
    agniṃ tathā tarpitaṃ khāṇḍave ca; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
105 yadāśrauṣaṃ hṛtarājyaṃ yudhiṣṭhiraṃ; parājitaṃ saubalenākṣavatyām
    anvāgataṃ bhrātṛbhir aprameyais; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
106 yadāśrauṣaṃ draupadīm aśrukaṇṭhīṃ; sabhāṃ nītāṃ duḥkhitām ekavastrām
    rajasvalāṃ nāthavatīm anāthavat; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
107 yadāśrauṣaṃ vividhās tāta ceṣṭā; dharmātmanāṃ prasthitānāṃ vanāya
    jyeṣṭhaprītyā kliśyatāṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
108 yadāśrauṣaṃ snātakānāṃ sahasrair; anvāgataṃ dharmarājaṃ vanastham
    bhikṣābhujāṃ brāhmaṇānāṃ mahātmanāṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
109 yadāśrauṣam arjuno devadevaṃ; kirāta rūpaṃ tryambakaṃ toṣya yuddhe
    avāpa tat pāśupataṃ mahāstraṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
110 yadāśrauṣaṃ tridivasthaṃ dhanaṃjayaṃ; śakrāt sākṣād divyam astraṃ yathāvat
    adhīyānaṃ śaṃsitaṃ satyasaṃdhaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
111 yadāśrauṣaṃ vaiśravaṇena sārdhaṃ; samāgataṃ bhīmam anyāṃś ca pārthān
    tasmin deśe mānuṣāṇām agamye; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
112 yadāśrauṣaṃ ghoṣayātrā gatānāṃ; bandhaṃ gandharvair mokṣaṇaṃ cārjunena
    sveṣāṃ sutānāṃ karṇa buddhau ratānāṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
113 yadāśrauṣaṃ yakṣarūpeṇa dharmaṃ; samāgataṃ dharmarājena sūta
    praśnān uktān vibruvantaṃ ca samyak; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
114 yadāśrauṣaṃ māmakānāṃ variṣṭhān; dhanaṃjayenaika rathena bhagnān
    virāṭa rāṣṭre vasatā mahātmanā; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
115 yadāśrauṣaṃ satkṛtāṃ matsyarājñā; sutāṃ dattām uttarām arjunāya
    tāṃ cārjunaḥ pratyagṛhṇāt sutārthe; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
116 yadāśrauṣaṃ nirjitasyādhanasya; pravrājitasya svajanāt pracyutasya
    akṣauhiṇīḥ sapta yudhiṣṭhirasya; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
117 yadāśrauṣaṃ naranārāyaṇau tau; kṛṣṇārjunau vadato nāradasya
    ahaṃ draṣṭā brahmaloke sadeti; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
118 yadāśrauṣaṃ mādhavaṃ vāsudevaṃ; sarvātmanā pāṇḍavārthe niviṣṭam
    yasyemāṃ gāṃ vikramam ekam āhus; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
119 yadāśrauṣaṃ karṇaduryodhanābhyāṃ; buddhiṃ kṛtāṃ nigrahe keśavasya
    taṃ cātmānaṃ bahudhā darśayānaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
120 yadāśrauṣaṃ vāsudeve prayāte; rathasyaikām agratas tiṣṭhamānām
    ārtāṃ pṛthāṃ sāntvitāṃ keśavena; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
121 yadāśrauṣaṃ mantriṇaṃ vāsudevaṃ; tathā bhīṣmaṃ śāṃtanavaṃ ca teṣām
    bhāradvājaṃ cāśiṣo 'nubruvāṇaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
122 yadāśrauṣaṃ karṇa uvāca bhīṣmaṃ; nāhaṃ yotsye yudhyamāne tvayīti
    hitvā senām apacakrāma caiva; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
123 yadāśrauṣaṃ vāsudevārjunau tau; tathā dhanur gāṇḍivam aprameyam
    trīṇy ugravīryāṇi samāgatāni; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
124 yadāśrauṣaṃ kaśmalenābhipanne; rathopasthe sīdamāne 'rjune vai
    kṛṣṇaṃ lokān darśayānaṃ śarīre; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
125 yadāśrauṣaṃ bhīṣmam amitrakarśanaṃ; nighnantam ājāv ayutaṃ rathānām
    naiṣāṃ kaś cid vadhyate dṛśyarūpas; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
126 yadāśrauṣaṃ bhīṣmam atyantaśūraṃ; hataṃ pārthenāhaveṣv apradhṛṣyam
    śikhaṇḍinaṃ purataḥ sthāpayitvā; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
127 yadāśrauṣaṃ śaratalpe śayānaṃ; vṛddhaṃ vīraṃ sāditaṃ citrapuṅkhaiḥ
    bhīṣmaṃ kṛtvā somakān alpaśeṣāṃs; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
128 yadāśrauṣaṃ śāṃtanave śayāne; pānīyārthe coditenārjunena
    bhūmiṃ bhittvā tarpitaṃ tatra bhīṣmaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
129 yadāśrauṣaṃ śukrasūryau ca yuktau; kaunteyānām anulomau jayāya
    nityaṃ cāsmāñ śvāpadā vyābhaṣantas; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
130 yadā droṇo vividhān astramārgān; vidarśayan samare citrayodhī
    na pāṇḍavāñ śreṣṭhatamān nihanti; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
131 yadāśrauṣaṃ cāsmadīyān mahārathān; vyavasthitān arjunasyāntakāya
    saṃsaptakān nihatān arjunena; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
132 yadāśrauṣaṃ vyūham abhedyam anyair; bhāradvājenātta śastreṇa guptam
    bhittvā saubhadraṃ vīram ekaṃ praviṣṭaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
133 yadābhimanyuṃ parivārya bālaṃ; sarve hatvā hṛṣṭarūpā babhūvuḥ
    mahārathāḥ pārtham aśaknuvantas; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
134 yadāśrauṣam abhimanyuṃ nihatya; harṣān mūḍhān krośato dhārtarāṣṭrān
    krodhaṃ muktaṃ saindhave cārjunena; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
135 yadāśrauṣaṃ saindhavārthe pratijñāṃ; pratijñātāṃ tad vadhāyārjunena
    satyāṃ nistīrṇāṃ śatrumadhye ca; tena tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
136 yadāśrauṣaṃ śrāntahaye dhanaṃjaye; muktvā hayān pāyayitvopavṛttān
    punar yuktvā vāsudevaṃ prayātaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
137 yadāśrauṣaṃ vāhaneṣv āśvasatsu; rathopasthe tiṣṭhatā gāṇḍivena
    sarvān yodhān vāritān arjunena; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
138 yadāśrauṣaṃ nāgabalair durutsahaṃ; droṇānīkaṃ yuyudhānaṃ pramathya
    yātaṃ vārṣṇeyaṃ yatra tau kṛṣṇa pārthau; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
139 yadāśrauṣaṃ karṇam āsādya muktaṃ; vadhād bhīmaṃ kutsayitvā vacobhiḥ
    dhanuṣkoṭyā tudya karṇena vīraṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
140 yadā droṇaḥ kṛtavarmā kṛpaś ca; karṇo drauṇir madrarājaś ca śūraḥ
    amarṣayan saindhavaṃ vadhyamānaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
141 yadāśrauṣaṃ devarājena dattāṃ; divyāṃ śaktiṃ vyaṃsitāṃ mādhavena
    ghaṭotkace rākṣase ghorarūpe; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
142 yadāśrauṣaṃ karṇa ghaṭotkacābhyāṃ; yuddhe muktāṃ sūtaputreṇa śaktim
    yayā vadhyaḥ samare savyasācī; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
143 yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇam ācāryam ekaṃ; dhṛṣṭadyumnenābhyatikramya dharmam
    rathopasthe prāyagataṃ viśastaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
144 yadāśrauṣaṃ drauṇinā dvairathasthaṃ; mādrīputraṃ nakulaṃ lokamadhye
    samaṃ yuddhe pāṇḍavaṃ yudhyamānaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
145 yadā droṇe nihate droṇaputro; nārāyaṇaṃ divyam astraṃ vikurvan
    naiṣām antaṃ gatavān pāṇḍavānāṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
146 yadāśrauṣaṃ karṇam atyantaśūraṃ; hataṃ pārthenāhaveṣv apradhṛṣyam
    tasmin bhrātṝṇāṃ vigrahe deva guhye; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
147 yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇaputraṃ kṛpaṃ ca; duḥśāsanaṃ kṛtavarmāṇam ugram
    yudhiṣṭhiraṃ śūnyam adharṣayantaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
148 yadāśrauṣaṃ nihataṃ madrarājaṃ; raṇe śūraṃ dharmarājena sūta
    sadā saṃgrāme spardhate yaḥ sa kṛṣṇaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
149 yadāśrauṣaṃ kalahadyūtamūlaṃ; māyābalaṃ saubalaṃ pāṇḍavena
    hataṃ saṃgrāme sahadevena pāpaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
150 yadāśrauṣaṃ śrāntam ekaṃ śayānaṃ; hradaṃ gatvā stambhayitvā tad ambhaḥ
    duryodhanaṃ virathaṃ bhagnadarpaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
151 yadāśrauṣaṃ pāṇḍavāṃs tiṣṭhamānān; gaṅgā hrade vāsudevena sārdham
    amarṣaṇaṃ dharṣayataḥ sutaṃ me; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
152 yadāśrauṣaṃ vividhāṃs tāta mārgān; gadāyuddhe maṇḍalaṃ saṃcarantam
    mithyā hataṃ vāsudevasya buddhyā; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
153 yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇaputrādibhis tair; hatān pāñcālān draupadeyāṃś ca suptān
    kṛtaṃ bībhatsamaya śasyaṃ ca karma; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
154 yadāśrauṣaṃ bhīmasenānuyātena; aśvatthāmnā paramāstraṃ prayuktam
    kruddhenaiṣīkam avadhīd yena garbhaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
155 yadāśrauṣaṃ brahmaśiro 'rjunena muktaṃ; svastīty astram astreṇa śāntam
    aśvatthāmnā maṇiratnaṃ ca dattaṃ; tadā nāśaṃse vijayāya saṃjaya
156 yadāśrauṣaṃ droṇaputreṇa garbhe; vairāṭyā vai pātyamāne mahāstre
    dvaipāyanaḥ keśavo droṇaputraṃ; paraspareṇābhiśāpaiḥ śaśāpa
157 śocyā gāndhārī putrapautrair vihīnā; tathā vadhvaḥ pitṛbhir bhrātṛbhiś ca
    kṛtaṃ kāryaṃ duṣkaraṃ pāṇḍaveyaiḥ; prāptaṃ rājyam asapatnaṃ punas taiḥ
158 kaṣṭaṃ yuddhe daśa śeṣāḥ śrutā me; trayo 'smākaṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ ca sapta
    dvyūnā viṃśatir āhatākṣauhiṇīnāṃ; tasmin saṃgrāme vigrahe kṣatriyāṇām
159 tamasā tv abhyavastīrṇo moha āviśatīva mām
    saṃjñāṃ nopalabhe sūta mano vihvalatīva me
160 ity uktvā dhṛtarāṣṭro 'tha vilapya bahuduḥkhitaḥ
    mūrcchitaḥ punar āśvastaḥ saṃjayaṃ vākyam abravīt
161 saṃjayaivaṃ gate prāṇāṃs tyaktum icchāmi māciram
    stokaṃ hy api na paśyāmi phalaṃ jīvitadhāraṇe
162 taṃ tathā vādinaṃ dīnaṃ vilapantaṃ mahīpatim
    gāvalgaṇir idaṃ dhīmān mahārthaṃ vākyam abravīt
163 śrutavān asi vai rājño mahotsāhān mahābalān
    dvaipāyanasya vadato nāradasya ca dhīmataḥ
164 mahatsu rājavaṃśeṣu guṇaiḥ samuditeṣu ca
    jātān divyāstraviduṣaḥ śakra pratimatejasaḥ
165 dharmeṇa pṛthivīṃ jitvā yajñair iṣṭvāpta dakṣiṇaiḥ
    asmiṁl loke yaśaḥ prāpya tataḥ kālavaśaṃ gatāḥ
166 vainyaṃ mahārathaṃ vīraṃ sṛñjayaṃ jayatāṃ varam
    suhotraṃ ranti devaṃ ca kakṣīvantaṃ tathauśijam
167 bāhlīkaṃ damanaṃ śaibyaṃ śaryātim ajitaṃ jitam
    viśvāmitram amitraghnam ambarīṣaṃ mahābalam
168 maruttaṃ manum ikṣvākuṃ gayaṃ bharatam eva ca
    rāmaṃ dāśarathiṃ caiva śaśabinduṃ bhagīratham
169 yayātiṃ śubhakarmāṇaṃ devair yo yājitaḥ svayam
    caityayūpāṅkitā bhūmir yasyeyaṃ savanākarā
170 iti rājñāṃ caturviṃśan nāradena surarṣiṇā
    putraśokābhitaptāya purā śaibyāya kīrtitāḥ
171 tebhyaś cānye gatāḥ pūrvaṃ rājāno balavattarāḥ
    mahārathā mahātmānaḥ sarvaiḥ samuditā guṇaiḥ
172 pūruḥ kurur yaduḥ śūro viṣvag aśvo mahādhṛtiḥ
    anenā yuvanāśvaś ca kakutstho vikramī raghuḥ
173 vijitī vīti hotraś ca bhavaḥ śveto bṛhad guruḥ
    uśīnaraḥ śatarathaḥ kaṅko duliduho drumaḥ
174 dambhodbhavaḥ paro venaḥ sagaraḥ saṃkṛtir nimiḥ
    ajeyaḥ paraśuḥ puṇḍraḥ śambhur devāvṛdho 'naghaḥ
175 devāhvayaḥ supratimaḥ supratīko bṛhadrathaḥ
    mahotsāho vinītātmā sukratur naiṣadho nalaḥ
176 satyavrataḥ śāntabhayaḥ sumitraḥ subalaḥ prabhuḥ
    jānu jaṅgho 'naraṇyo 'rkaḥ priya bhṛtyaḥ śubhavrataḥ
177 balabandhur nirāmardaḥ ketuśṛṅgo bṛhadbalaḥ
    dhṛṣṭaketur bṛhat ketur dīptaketur nirāmayaḥ
178 avikṣit prabalo dhūrtaḥ kṛtabandhur dṛḍheṣudhiḥ
    mahāpurāṇaḥ saṃbhāvyaḥ pratyaṅgaḥ parahā śrutiḥ
179 ete cānye ca bahavaḥ śataśo 'tha sahasraśaḥ
    śrūyante 'yutaśaś cānye saṃkhyātāś cāpi padmaśaḥ
180 hitvā suvipulān bhogān buddhimanto mahābalāḥ
    rājāno nidhanaṃ prāptās tava putrair mahattamāḥ
181 yeṣāṃ divyāni karmāṇi vikramas tyāga eva ca
    māhātmyam api cāstikyaṃ satyatā śaucam ārjavam
182 vidvadbhiḥ kathyate loke purāṇaiḥ kavi sattamaiḥ
    sarvarddhi guṇasaṃpannās te cāpi nidhanaṃ gatāḥ
183 tava putrā durātmānaḥ prataptāś caiva manyunā
    lubdhā durvṛtta bhūyiṣṭhā na tāñ śocitum arhasi
184 śrutavān asi medhāvī buddhimān prājñasaṃmataḥ
    yeṣāṃ śāstrānugā buddhir na te muhyanti bhārata
185 nigrahānugrahau cāpi viditau te narādhipa
    nātyantam evānuvṛttiḥ śrūyate putra rakṣaṇe
186 bhavitavyaṃ tathā tac ca nātaḥ śocitum arhasi
    daivaṃ prajñā viśeṣeṇa ko nivartitum arhati
187 vidhātṛvihitaṃ mārgaṃ na kaś cid ativartate
    kālamūlam idaṃ sarvaṃ bhāvābhāvau sukhāsukhe
188 kālaḥ pacati bhūtāni kālaḥ saṃharati prajāḥ
    nirdahantaṃ prajāḥ kālaṃ kālaḥ śamayate punaḥ
189 kālo vikurute bhāvān sarvāṁl loke śubhāśubhān
    kālaḥ saṃkṣipate sarvāḥ prajā visṛjate punaḥ
    kālaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu caraty avidhṛtaḥ samaḥ
190 atītānāgatā bhāvā ye ca vartanti sāṃpratam
    tān kālanirmitān buddhvā na saṃjñāṃ hātum arhasi
191 [s]
    atropaniṣadaṃ puṇyāṃ kṛṣṇadvaipāyano 'bravīt
    bhāratādhyayanāt puṇyād api pādam adhīyataḥ
    śraddadhānasya pūyante sarvapāpāny aśeṣataḥ
192 devarṣayo hy atra puṇyā brahma rājarṣayas tathā
    kīrtyante śubhakarmāṇas tathā yakṣamahoragāḥ
193 bhagavān vāsudevaś ca kīrtyate 'tra sanātanaḥ
    sa hi satyam ṛtaṃ caiva pavitraṃ puṇyam eva ca
194 śāśvataṃ brahma paramaṃ dhruvaṃ jyotiḥ sanātanam
    yasya divyāni karmāṇi kathayanti manīṣiṇaḥ
195 asat sat sad asac caiva yasmād devāt pravartate
    saṃtatiś ca pravṛttiś ca janmamṛtyuḥ punarbhavaḥ
196 adhyātmaṃ śrūyate yac ca pañca bhūtaguṇātmakam
    avyaktādi paraṃ yac ca sa eva parigīyate
197 yat tad yati varā yuktā dhyānayogabalānvitāḥ
    pratibimbam ivādarśe paśyanty ātmany avasthitam
198 śraddadhānaḥ sadodyuktaḥ satyadharmaparāyaṇaḥ
    āsevann imam adhyāyaṃ naraḥ pāpāt pramucyate
199 anukramaṇim adhyāyaṃ bhāratasyemam āditaḥ
    āstikaḥ satataṃ śṛṇvan na kṛcchreṣv avasīdati
200 ubhe saṃdhye japan kiṃ cit sadyo mucyeta kilbiṣāt
    anukramaṇyā yāvat syād ahnā rātryā ca saṃcitam
201 bhāratasya vapur hy etat satyaṃ cāmṛtam eva ca
    nava nītaṃ yathā dadhno dvipadāṃ brāhmaṇo yathā
202 hradānām udadhiḥ śreṣṭho gaur variṣṭhā catuṣpadām
    yathaitāni variṣṭhāni tathā bharatam ucyate
203 yaś cainaṃ śrāvayec chrāddhe brāhmaṇān pādam antataḥ
    akṣayyam annapānaṃ tat pitṝṃs tasyopatiṣṭhati
204 itihāsa purāṇābhyāṃ vedaṃ samupabṛṃhayet
    bibhety alpaśrutād vedo mām ayaṃ pratariṣyati
205 kārṣṇaṃ vedam imaṃ vidvāñ śrāvayitvārtham aśnute
    bhrūṇa hatyā kṛtaṃ cāpi pāpaṃ jahyān na saṃśayaḥ
206 ya imaṃ śucir adhyāyaṃ paṭhet parvaṇi parvaṇi
    adhītaṃ bhārataṃ tena kṛtsnaṃ syād iti me matiḥ
207 yaś cemaṃ śṛṇuyān nityam ārṣaṃ śraddhāsamanvitaḥ
    sa dīrgham āyuḥ kīrtiṃ ca svargatiṃ cāpnuyān naraḥ
208 catvāra ekato vedā bhārataṃ caikam ekataḥ
    samāgataiḥ surarṣibhis tulām āropitaṃ purā
    mahattve ca gurutve ca dhriyamāṇaṃ tato 'dhikam
209 mahattvād bhāravattvāc ca mahābhāratam ucyate
    niruktam asya yo veda sarvapāpaiḥ pramucyate
210 tapo na kalko 'dhyayanaṃ na kalkaḥ; svābhāviko veda vidhir na kalkaḥ
    prasahya vittāharaṇaṃ na kalkas; tāny eva bhāvopahatāni kalkaḥ

Ugrasrava, the son of Lomaharshana, surnamed Sauti, well-versed in the Puranas, bending with humility, one day approached the great sages of rigid vows, sitting at their ease, who had attended the twelve years' sacrifice of Saunaka, surnamed Kulapati, in the forest of Naimisha. Those ascetics, wishing to hear his wonderful narrations, presently began to address him who had thus arrived at that recluse abode of the inhabitants of the forest of Naimisha. Having been entertained with due respect by those holy men, he saluted those Munis (sages) with joined palms, even all of them, and inquired about the progress of their asceticism. Then all the ascetics being again seated, the son of Lomaharshana humbly occupied the seat that was assigned to him. Seeing that he was comfortably seated, and recovered from fatigue, one of the Rishis beginning the conversation, asked him, 'Whence comest thou, O lotus-eyed Sauti, and where hast thou spent the time? Tell me, who ask thee, in detail.'

Accomplished in speech, Sauti, thus questioned, gave in the midst of that big assemblage of contemplative Munis a full and proper answer in words consonant with their mode of life.

"Sauti said, 'Having heard the diverse sacred and wonderful stories which were composed in his Mahabharata by Krishna-Dwaipayana, and which were recited in full by Vaisampayana at the Snake-sacrifice of the high-souled royal sage Janamejaya and in the presence also of that chief of Princes, the son of Parikshit, and having wandered about, visiting many sacred waters and holy shrines, I journeyed to the country venerated by the Dwijas (twice-born) and called Samantapanchaka where formerly was fought the battle between the children of Kuru and Pandu, and all the chiefs of the land ranged on either side. Thence, anxious to see you, I am come into your presence. Ye reverend sages, all of whom are to me as Brahma; ye greatly blessed who shine in this place of sacrifice with the splendour of the solar fire: ye who have concluded the silent meditations and have fed the holy fire; and yet who are sitting--without care, what, O ye Dwijas (twice-born), shall I repeat, shall I recount the sacred stories collected in the Puranas containing precepts of religious duty and of worldly profit, or the acts of illustrious saints and sovereigns of mankind?"

"The Rishi replied, 'The Purana, first promulgated by the great Rishi Dwaipayana, and which after having been heard both by the gods and the Brahmarshis was highly esteemed, being the most eminent narrative that exists, diversified both in diction and division, possessing subtile meanings logically combined, and gleaned from the Vedas, is a sacred work. Composed in elegant language, it includeth the subjects of other books. It is elucidated by other Shastras, and comprehendeth the sense of the four Vedas. We are desirous of hearing that history also called Bharata, the holy composition of the wonderful Vyasa, which dispelleth the fear of evil, just as it was cheerfully recited by the Rishi Vaisampayana, under the direction of Dwaipayana himself, at the snake-sacrifice of Raja Janamejaya?'

"Sauti then said, 'Having bowed down to the primordial being Isana, to whom multitudes make offerings, and who is adored by the multitude; who is the true incorruptible one, Brahma, perceptible, imperceptible, eternal; who is both a non-existing and an existing-non-existing being; who is the universe and also distinct from the existing and non-existing universe; who is the creator of high and low; the ancient, exalted, inexhaustible one; who is Vishnu, beneficent and the beneficence itself, worthy of all preference, pure and immaculate; who is Hari, the ruler of the faculties, the guide of all things moveable and immoveable; I will declare the sacred thoughts of the illustrious sage Vyasa, of marvellous deeds and worshipped here by all. Some bards have already published this history, some are now teaching it, and others, in like manner, will hereafter promulgate it upon the earth. It is a great source of knowledge, established throughout the three regions of the world. It is possessed by the twice-born both in detailed and compendious forms. It is the delight of the learned for being embellished with elegant expressions, conversations human and divine, and a variety of poetical measures.

In this world, when it was destitute of brightness and light, and enveloped all around in total darkness, there came into being, as the primal cause of creation, a mighty egg, the one inexhaustible seed of all created beings. It is called Mahadivya, and was formed at the beginning of the Yuga, in which we are told, was the true light Brahma, the eternal one, the wonderful and inconceivable being present alike in all places; the invisible and subtile cause, whose nature partaketh of entity and non-entity. From this egg came out the lord Pitamaha Brahma, the one only Prajapati; with Suraguru and Sthanu. Then appeared the twenty-one Prajapatis, viz., Manu, Vasishtha and Parameshthi; ten Prachetas, Daksha, and the seven sons of Daksha. Then appeared the man of inconceivable nature whom all the Rishis know and so the Viswe-devas, the Adityas, the Vasus, and the twin Aswins; the Yakshas, the Sadhyas, the Pisachas, the Guhyakas, and the Pitris. After these were produced the wise and most holy Brahmarshis, and the numerous Rajarshis distinguished by every noble quality. So the water, the heavens, the earth, the air, the sky, the points of the heavens, the years, the seasons, the months, the fortnights, called Pakshas, with day and night in due succession. And thus were produced all things which are known to mankind.

And what is seen in the universe, whether animate or inanimate, of created things, will at the end of the world, and after the expiration of the Yuga, be again confounded. And, at the commencement of other Yugas, all things will be renovated, and, like the various fruits of the earth, succeed each other in the due order of their seasons. Thus continueth perpetually to revolve in the world, without beginning and without end, this wheel which causeth the destruction of all things.

The generation of Devas, in brief, was thirty-three thousand, thirty-three hundred and thirty-three. The sons of Div were Brihadbhanu, Chakshus, Atma Vibhavasu, Savita, Richika, Arka, Bhanu, Asavaha, and Ravi. Of these Vivaswans of old, Mahya was the youngest whose son was Deva-vrata. The latter had for his son, Su-vrata who, we learn, had three sons,--Dasa-jyoti, Sata-jyoti, and Sahasra-jyoti, each of them producing numerous offspring. The illustrious Dasa-jyoti had ten thousand, Sata-jyoti ten times that number, and Sahasra-jyoti ten times the number of Sata-jyoti's offspring. From these are descended the family of the Kurus, of the Yadus, and of Bharata; the family of Yayati and of Ikshwaku; also of all the Rajarshis. Numerous also were the generations produced, and very abundant were the creatures and their places of abode. The mystery which is threefold--the Vedas, Yoga, and Vijnana Dharma, Artha, and Kama--also various books upon the subject of Dharma, Artha, and Kama; also rules for the conduct of mankind; also histories and discourses with various srutis; all of which having been seen by the Rishi Vyasa are here in due order mentioned as a specimen of the book.

The Rishi Vyasa published this mass of knowledge in both a detailed and an abridged form. It is the wish of the learned in the world to possess the details and the abridgement. Some read the Bharata beginning with the initial mantra (invocation), others with the story of Astika, others with Uparichara, while some Brahmanas study the whole. Men of learning display their various knowledge of the institutes in commenting on the composition. Some are skilful in explaining it, while others, in remembering its contents.

The son of Satyavati having, by penance and meditation, analysed the eternal Veda, afterwards composed this holy history, when that learned Brahmarshi of strict vows, the noble Dwaipayana Vyasa, offspring of Parasara, had finished this greatest of narrations, he began to consider how he might teach it to his disciples. And the possessor of the six attributes, Brahma, the world's preceptor, knowing of the anxiety of the Rishi Dwaipayana, came in person to the place where the latter was, for gratifying the saint, and benefiting the people. And when Vyasa, surrounded by all the tribes of Munis, saw him, he was surprised; and, standing with joined palms, he bowed and ordered a seat to be brought. And Vyasa having gone round him who is called Hiranyagarbha seated on that distinguished seat stood near it; and being commanded by Brahma Parameshthi, he sat down near the seat, full of affection and smiling in joy. Then the greatly glorious Vyasa, addressing Brahma Parameshthi, said, "O divine Brahma, by me a poem hath been composed which is greatly respected. The mystery of the Veda, and what other subjects have been explained by me; the various rituals of the Upanishads with the Angas; the compilation of the Puranas and history formed by me and named after the three divisions of time, past, present, and future; the determination of the nature of decay, fear, disease, existence, and non-existence, a description of creeds and of the various modes of life; rule for the four castes, and the import of all the Puranas; an account of asceticism and of the duties of a religious student; the dimensions of the sun and moon, the planets, constellations, and stars, together with the duration of the four ages; the Rik, Sama and Yajur Vedas; also the Adhyatma; the sciences called Nyaya, Orthœphy and Treatment of diseases; charity and Pasupatadharma; birth celestial and human, for particular purposes; also a description of places of pilgrimage and other holy places of rivers, mountains, forests, the ocean, of heavenly cities and the kalpas; the art of war; the different kinds of nations and languages: the nature of the manners of the people; and the all-pervading spirit;--all these have been represented. But, after all, no writer of this work is to be found on earth.'

"Brahma said. 'I esteem thee for thy knowledge of divine mysteries, before the whole body of celebrated Munis distinguished for the sanctity of their lives. I know thou hast revealed the divine word, even from its first utterance, in the language of truth. Thou hast called thy present work a poem, wherefore it shall be a poem. There shall be no poets whose works may equal the descriptions of this poem, even, as the three other modes called Asrama are ever unequal in merit to the domestic Asrama. Let Ganesa be thought of, O Muni, for the purpose of writing the poem.'

"Sauti said, 'Brahma having thus spoken to Vyasa, retired to his own abode. Then Vyasa began to call to mind Ganesa. And Ganesa, obviator of obstacles, ready to fulfil the desires of his votaries, was no sooner thought of, than he repaired to the place where Vyasa was seated. And when he had been saluted, and was seated, Vyasa addressed him thus, 'O guide of the Ganas! be thou the writer of the Bharata which I have formed in my imagination, and which I am about to repeat."

"Ganesa, upon hearing this address, thus answered, 'I will become the writer of thy work, provided my pen do not for a moment cease writing." And Vyasa said unto that divinity, 'Wherever there be anything thou dost not comprehend, cease to continue writing.' Ganesa having signified his assent, by repeating the word Om! proceeded to write; and Vyasa began; and by way of diversion, he knit the knots of composition exceeding close; by doing which, he dictated this work according to his engagement.

I am (continued Sauti) acquainted with eight thousand and eight hundred verses, and so is Suka, and perhaps Sanjaya. From the mysteriousness of their meaning, O Muni, no one is able, to this day, to penetrate those closely knit difficult slokas. Even the omniscient Ganesa took a moment to consider; while Vyasa, however, continued to compose other verses in great abundance.

The wisdom of this work, like unto an instrument of applying collyrium, hath opened the eyes of the inquisitive world blinded by the darkness of ignorance. As the sun dispelleth the darkness, so doth the Bharata by its discourses on religion, profit, pleasure and final release, dispel the ignorance of men. As the full-moon by its mild light expandeth the buds of the water-lily, so this Purana, by exposing the light of the Sruti hath expanded the human intellect. By the lamp of history, which destroyeth the darkness of ignorance, the whole mansion of nature is properly and completely illuminated.

This work is a tree, of which the chapter of contents is the seed; the divisions called Pauloma and Astika are the root; the part called Sambhava is the trunk; the books called Sabha and Aranya are the roosting perches; the books called Arani is the knitting knots; the books called Virata and Udyoga the pith; the book named Bhishma, the main branch; the book called Drona, the leaves; the book called Karna, the fair flowers; the book named Salya, their sweet smell; the books entitled Stri and Aishika, the refreshing shade; the book called Santi, the mighty fruit; the book called Aswamedha, the immortal sap; the denominated Asramavasika, the spot where it groweth; and the book called Mausala, is an epitome of the Vedas and held in great respect by the virtuous Brahmanas. The tree of the Bharata, inexhaustible to mankind as the clouds, shall be as a source of livelihood to all distinguished poets."

"Sauti continued, 'I will now speak of the undying flowery and fruitful productions of this tree, possessed of pure and pleasant taste, and not to be destroyed even by the immortals. Formerly, the spirited and virtuous Krishna-Dwaipayana, by the injunctions of Bhishma, the wise son of Ganga and of his own mother, became the father of three boys who were like the three fires by the two wives of Vichitra-virya; and having thus raised up Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura, he returned to his recluse abode to prosecute his religious exercise.

It was not till after these were born, grown up, and departed on the supreme journey, that the great Rishi Vyasa published the Bharata in this region of mankind; when being solicited by Janamejaya and thousands of Brahmanas, he instructed his disciple Vaisampayana, who was seated near him; and he, sitting together with the Sadasyas, recited the Bharata, during the intervals of the ceremonies of the sacrifice, being repeatedly urged to proceed. Vyasa hath fully represented the greatness of the house of Kuru, the virtuous principles of Gandhari, the wisdom of Vidura, and the constancy of Kunti. The noble Rishi hath also described the divinity of Vasudeva, the rectitude of the sons of Pandu, and the evil practices of the sons and partisans of Dhritarashtra.

Vyasa executed the compilation of the Bharata, exclusive of the episodes originally in twenty-four thousand verses; and so much only is called by the learned as the Bharata. Afterwards, he composed an epitome in one hundred and fifty verses, consisting of the introduction with the chapter of contents. This he first taught to his son Suka; and afterwards he gave it to others of his disciples who were possessed of the same qualifications. After that he executed another compilation, consisting of six hundred thousand verses. Of those, thirty hundred thousand are known in the world of the Devas; fifteen hundred thousand in the world of the Pitris: fourteen hundred thousand among the Gandharvas, and one hundred thousand in the regions of mankind. Narada recited them to the Devas, Devala to the Pitris, and Suka published them to the Gandharvas, Yakshas, and Rakshasas: and in this world they were recited by Vaisampayana, one of the disciples of Vyasa, a man of just principles and the first among all those acquainted with the Vedas. Know that I, Sauti, have also repeated one hundred thousand verses.

Yudhishthira is a vast tree, formed of religion and virtue; Arjuna is its trunk; Bhimasena, its branches; the two sons of Madri are its full-grown fruit and flowers; and its roots are Krishna, Brahma, and the Brahmanas.

Pandu, after having subdued many countries by his wisdom and prowess, took up his abode with the Munis in a certain forest as a sportsman, where he brought upon himself a very severe misfortune for having killed a stag coupling with its mate, which served as a warning for the conduct of the princes of his house as long as they lived. Their mothers, in order that the ordinances of the law might be fulfilled, admitted as substitutes to their embraces the gods Dharma, Vayu, Sakra, and the divinities the twin Aswins. And when their offspring grew up, under the care of their two mothers, in the society of ascetics, in the midst of sacred groves and holy recluse-abodes of religious men, they were conducted by Rishis into the presence of Dhritarashtra and his sons, following as students in the habit of Brahmacharis, having their hair tied in knots on their heads. 'These our pupils', said they, 'are as your sons, your brothers, and your friends; they are Pandavas.' Saying this, the Munis disappeared.

When the Kauravas saw them introduced as the sons of Pandu, the distinguished class of citizens shouted exceedingly for joy. Some, however, said, they were not the sons of Pandu; others said, they were; while a few asked how they could be his offspring, seeing he had been so long dead. Still on all sides voices were heard crying, 'They are on all accounts welcome! Through divine Providence we behold the family of Pandu! Let their welcome be proclaimed!' As these acclamations ceased, the plaudits of invisible spirits, causing every point of the heavens to resound, were tremendous. There were showers of sweet-scented flowers, and the sound of shells and kettle-drums. Such were the wonders that happened on the arrival of the young princes. The joyful noise of all the citizens, in expression of their satisfaction on the occasion, was so great that it reached the very heavens in magnifying plaudits.

Having studied the whole of the Vedas and sundry other shastras, the Pandavas resided there, respected by all and without apprehension from any one.

The principal men were pleased with the purity of Yudhishthira, the courage of Arjuna, the submissive attention of Kunti to her superiors, and the humility of the twins, Nakula and Sahadeva; and all the people rejoiced in their heroic virtues.

After a while, Arjuna obtained the virgin Krishna at the swayamvara, in the midst of a concourse of Rajas, by performing a very difficult feat of archery. And from this time he became very much respected in this world among all bowmen; and in fields of battle also, like the sun, he was hard to behold by foe-men. And having vanquished all the neighbouring princes and every considerable tribe, he accomplished all that was necessary for the Raja (his eldest brother) to perform the great sacrifice called Rajasuya.

Yudhishthira, after having, through the wise counsels of Vasudeva and by the valour of Bhimasena and Arjuna, slain Jarasandha (the king of Magadha) and the proud Chaidya, acquired the right to perform the grand sacrifice of Rajasuya abounding in provisions and offering and fraught with transcendent merits. And Duryodhana came to this sacrifice; and when he beheld the vast wealth of the Pandavas scattered all around, the offerings, the precious stones, gold and jewels; the wealth in cows, elephants, and horses; the curious textures, garments, and mantles; the precious shawls and furs and carpets made of the skin of the Ranku; he was filled with envy and became exceedingly displeased. And when he beheld the hall of assembly elegantly constructed by Maya (the Asura architect) after the fashion of a celestial court, he was inflamed with rage. And having started in confusion at certain architectural deceptions within this building, he was derided by Bhimasena in the presence of Vasudeva, like one of mean descent.

And it was represented to Dhritarashtra that his son, while partaking of various objects of enjoyment and diverse precious things, was becoming meagre, wan, and pale. And Dhritarashtra, some time after, out of affection for his son, gave his consent to their playing (with the Pandavas) at dice. And Vasudeva coming to know of this, became exceedingly wroth. And being dissatisfied, he did nothing to prevent the disputes, but overlooked the gaming and sundry other horried unjustifiable transactions arising therefrom: and in spite of Vidura, Bhishma, Drona, and Kripa, the son of Saradwan, he made the Kshatriyas kill each other in the terrific war that ensued.'

"And Dhritarashtra hearing the ill news of the success of the Pandavas and recollecting the resolutions of Duryodhana, Kama, and Sakuni, pondered for a while and addressed to Sanjaya the following speech:--

'Attend, O Sanjaya, to all I am about to say, and it will not become thee to treat me with contempt. Thou art well-versed in the shastras, intelligent and endowed with wisdom. My inclination was never to war, not did I delight in the destruction of my race. I made no distinction between my own children and the children of Pandu. My own sons were prone to wilfulness and despised me because I am old. Blind as I am, because of my miserable plight and through paternal affection, I bore it all. I was foolish alter the thoughtless Duryodhana ever growing in folly. Having been a spectator of the riches of the mighty sons of Pandu, my son was derided for his awkwardness while ascending the hall. Unable to bear it all and unable himself to overcome the sons of Pandu in the field, and though a soldier, unwilling yet to obtain good fortune by his own exertion, with the help of the king of Gandhara he concerted an unfair game at dice.

'Hear, O Sanjaya, all that happened thereupon and came to my knowledge. And when thou hast heard all I say, recollecting everything as it fell out, thou shall then know me for one with a prophetic eye. When I heard that Arjuna, having bent the bow, had pierced the curious mark and brought it down to the ground, and bore away in triumph the maiden Krishna, in the sight of the assembled princes, then, O Sanjaya I had no hope of success. When I heard that Subhadra of the race of Madhu had, after forcible seizure been married by Arjuna in the city of Dwaraka, and that the two heroes of the race of Vrishni (Krishna and Balarama the brothers of Subhadra) without resenting it had entered Indraprastha as friends, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna, by his celestial arrow preventing the downpour by Indra the king of the gods, had gratified Agni by making over to him the forest of Khandava, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the five Pandavas with their mother Kunti had escaped from the house of lac, and that Vidura was engaged in the accomplishment of their designs, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna, after having pierced the mark in the arena had won Draupadi, and that the brave Panchalas had joined the Pandavas, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Jarasandha, the foremost of the royal line of Magadha, and blazing in the midst of the Kshatriyas, had been slain by Bhima with his bare arms alone, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that in their general campaign the sons of Pandu had conquered the chiefs of the land and performed the grand sacrifice of the Rajasuya, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Draupadi, her voice choked with tears and heart full of agony, in the season of impurity and with but one raiment on, had been dragged into court and though she had protectors, she had been treated as if she had none, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the wicked wretch Duhsasana, was striving to strip her of that single garment, had only drawn from her person a large heap of cloth without being able to arrive at its end, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Yudhishthira, beaten by Saubala at the game of dice and deprived of his kingdom as a consequence thereof, had still been attended upon by his brothers of incomparable prowess, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the virtuous Pandavas weeping with affliction had followed their elder brother to the wilderness and exerted themselves variously for the mitigation of his discomforts, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success.

'When I heard that Yudhishthira had been followed into the wilderness by Snatakas and noble-minded Brahmanas who live upon alms, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna, having, in combat, pleased the god of gods, Tryambaka (the three-eyed) in the disguise of a hunter, obtained the great weapon Pasupata, then O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the just and renowned Arjuna after having been to the celestial regions, had there obtained celestial weapons from Indra himself then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that afterwards Arjuna had vanquished the Kalakeyas and the Paulomas proud with the boon they had obtained and which had rendered them invulnerable even to the celestials, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna, the chastiser of enemies, having gone to the regions of Indra for the destruction of the Asuras, had returned thence successful, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Bhima and the other sons of Pritha (Kunti) accompanied by Vaisravana had arrived at that country which is inaccessible to man then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that my sons, guided by the counsels of Karna, while on their journey of Ghoshayatra, had been taken prisoners by the Gandharvas and were set free by Arjuna, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Dharma (the god of justice) having come under the form of a Yaksha had proposed certain questions to Yudhishthira then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that my sons had failed to discover the Pandavas under their disguise while residing with Draupadi in the dominions of Virata, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the principal men of my side had all been vanquished by the noble Arjuna with a single chariot while residing in the dominions of Virata, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Vasudeva of the race of Madhu, who covered this whole earth by one foot, was heartily interested in the welfare of the Pandavas, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the king of Matsya, had offered his virtuous daughter Uttara to Arjuna and that Arjuna had accepted her for his son, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Yudhishthira, beaten at dice, deprived of wealth, exiled and separated from his connections, had assembled yet an army of seven Akshauhinis, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard Narada, declare that Krishna and Arjuna were Nara and Narayana and he (Narada) had seen them together in the regions of Brahma, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Krishna, anxious to bring about peace, for the welfare of mankind had repaired to the Kurus, and went away without having been able to effect his purpose, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Kama and Duryodhana resolved upon imprisoning Krishna displayed in himself the whole universe, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. Then I heard that at the time of his departure, Pritha (Kunti) standing, full of sorrow, near his chariot received consolation from Krishna, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Vasudeva and Bhishma the son of Santanu were the counsellors of the Pandavas and Drona the son of Bharadwaja pronounced blessings on them, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When Kama said unto Bhishma--I will not fight when thou art fighting--and, quitting the army, went away, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Vasudeva and Arjuna and the bow Gandiva of immeasurable prowess, these three of dreadful energy had come together, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that upon Arjuna having been seized with compunction on his chariot and ready to sink, Krishna showed him all the worlds within his body, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Bhishma, the desolator of foes, killing ten thousand charioteers every day in the field of battle, had not slain any amongst the Pandavas then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Bhishma, the righteous son of Ganga, had himself indicated the means of his defeat in the field of battle and that the same were accomplished by the Pandavas with joyfulness, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna, having placed Sikhandin before himself in his chariot, had wounded Bhishma of infinite courage and invincible in battle, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the aged hero Bhishma, having reduced the numbers of the race of shomaka to a few, overcome with various wounds was lying on a bed of arrows, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that upon Bhishma's lying on the ground with thirst for water, Arjuna, being requested, had pierced the ground and allayed his thirst, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When Bayu together with Indra and Suryya united as allies for the success of the sons of Kunti, and the beasts of prey (by their inauspicious presence) were putting us in fear, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When the wonderful warrior Drona, displaying various modes of fight in the field, did not slay any of the superior Pandavas, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the Maharatha Sansaptakas of our army appointed for the overthrow of Arjuna were all slain by Arjuna himself, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that our disposition of forces, impenetrable by others, and defended by Bharadwaja himself well-armed, had been singly forced and entered by the brave son of Subhadra, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that our Maharathas, unable to overcome Arjuna, with jubilant faces after having jointly surrounded and slain the boy Abhimanyu, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the blind Kauravas were shouting for joy after having slain Abhimanyu and that thereupon Arjuna in anger made his celebrated speech referring to Saindhava, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Arjuna had vowed the death of Saindhava and fulfilled his vow in the presence of his enemies, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that upon the horses of Arjuna being fatigued, Vasudeva releasing them made them drink water and bringing them back and reharnessing them continued to guide them as before, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that while his horses were fatigued, Arjuna staying in his chariot checked all his assailants, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Yuyudhana of the race of Vrishni, after having thrown into confusion the army of Drona rendered unbearable in prowess owing to the presence of elephants, retired to where Krishna and Arjuna were, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Karna even though he had got Bhima within his power allowed him to escape after only addressing him in contemptuous terms and dragging him with the end of his bow, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Drona, Kritavarma, Kripa, Karna, the son of Drona, and the valiant king of Madra (Salya) suffered Saindhava to be slain, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the celestial Sakti given by Indra (to Karna) was by Madhava's machinations caused to be hurled upon Rakshasa Ghatotkacha of frightful countenance, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that in the encounter between Karna and Ghatotkacha, that Sakti was hurled against Ghatotkacha by Karna, the same which was certainly to have slain Arjuna in battle, then, O Sanjaya. I had no hope of success. When I heard that Dhristadyumna, transgressing the laws of battle, slew Drona while alone in his chariot and resolved on death, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Nakula. the son of Madri, having in the presence of the whole army engaged in single combat with the son of Drona and showing himself equal to him drove his chariot in circles around, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When upon the death of Drona, his son misused the weapon called Narayana but failed to achieve the destruction of the Pandavas, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Bhimasena drank the blood of his brother Duhsasana in the field of battle without anybody being able to prevent him, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the infinitely brave Karna, invincible in battle, was slain by Arjuna in that war of brothers mysterious even to the gods, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Yudhishthira, the Just, overcame the heroic son of Drona, Duhsasana, and the fierce Kritavarman, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the brave king of Madra who ever dared Krishna in battle was slain by Yudhishthira, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the wicked Suvala of magic power, the root of the gaming and the feud, was slain in battle by Sahadeva, the son of Pandu, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Duryodhana, spent with fatigue, having gone to a lake and made a refuge for himself within its waters, was lying there alone, his strength gone and without a chariot, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the Pandavas having gone to that lake accompanied by Vasudeva and standing on its beach began to address contemptuously my son who was incapable of putting up with affronts, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that while, displaying in circles a variety of curious modes (of attack and defence) in an encounter with clubs, he was unfairly slain according to the counsels of Krishna, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard the son of Drona and others by slaying the Panchalas and the sons of Draupadi in their sleep, perpetrated a horrible and infamous deed, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that Aswatthaman while being pursued by Bhimasena had discharged the first of weapons called Aishika, by which the embryo in the womb (of Uttara) was wounded, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that the weapon Brahmashira (discharged by Aswatthaman) was repelled by Arjuna with another weapon over which he had pronounced the word "Sasti" and that Aswatthaman had to give up the jewel-like excrescence on his head, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When I heard that upon the embryo in the womb of Virata's daughter being wounded by Aswatthaman with a mighty weapon, Dwaipayana and Krishna pronounced curses on him, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success.

'Alas! Gandhari, destitute of children, grand-children, parents, brothers, and kindred, is to be pitied. Difficult is the task that hath been performed by the Pandavas: by them hath a kingdom been recovered without a rival.

'Alas! I have heard that the war hath left only ten alive: three of our side, and the Pandavas, seven, in that dreadful conflict eighteen Akshauhinis of Kshatriyas have been slain! All around me is utter darkness, and a fit of swoon assaileth me: consciousness leaves me, O Suta, and my mind is distracted."

"Sauti said, 'Dhritarashtra, bewailing his fate in these words, was overcome with extreme anguish and for a time deprived of sense; but being revived, he addressed Sanjaya in the following words.

"After what hath come to pass, O Sanjaya, I wish to put an end to my life without delay; I do not find the least advantage in cherishing it any longer."

"Sauti said, 'The wise son of Gavalgana (Sanjaya) then addressed the distressed lord of Earth while thus talking and bewailing, sighing like a serpent and repeatedly tainting, in words of deep import.

"Thou hast heard, O Raja, of the greatly powerful men of vast exertions, spoken of by Vyasa and the wise Narada; men born of great royal families, resplendent with worthy qualities, versed in the science of celestial arms, and in glory emblems of Indra; men who having conquered the world by justice and performed sacrifices with fit offerings (to the Brahmanas), obtained renown in this world and at last succumbed to the sway of time. Such were Saivya; the valiant Maharatha; Srinjaya, great amongst conquerors. Suhotra; Rantideva, and Kakshivanta, great in glory; Valhika, Damana, Saryati, Ajita, and Nala; Viswamitra the destroyer of foes; Amvarisha, great in strength; Marutta, Manu, Ikshaku, Gaya, and Bharata; Rama the son of Dasaratha; Sasavindu, and Bhagiratha; Kritavirya, the greatly fortunate, and Janamejaya too; and Yayati of good deeds who performed sacrifices, being assisted therein by the celestials themselves, and by whose sacrificial altars and stakes this earth with her habited and uninhabited regions hath been marked all over. These twenty-four Rajas were formerly spoken of by the celestial Rishi Narada unto Saivya when much afflicted for the loss of his children. Besides these, other Rajas had gone before, still more powerful than they, mighty charioteers noble in mind, and resplendent with every worthy quality. These were Puru, Kuru, Yadu, Sura and Viswasrawa of great glory; Anuha, Yuvanaswu, Kakutstha, Vikrami, and Raghu; Vijava, Virihorta, Anga, Bhava, Sweta, and Vripadguru; Usinara, Sata-ratha, Kanka, Duliduha, and Druma; Dambhodbhava, Para, Vena, Sagara, Sankriti, and Nimi; Ajeya, Parasu, Pundra, Sambhu, and holy Deva-Vridha; Devahuya, Supratika, and Vrihad-ratha; Mahatsaha, Vinitatma, Sukratu, and Nala, the king of the Nishadas; Satyavrata, Santabhaya, Sumitra, and the chief Subala; Janujangha, Anaranya, Arka, Priyabhritya, Chuchi-vrata, Balabandhu, Nirmardda, Ketusringa, and Brhidbala; Dhrishtaketu, Brihatketu, Driptaketu, and Niramaya; Abikshit, Chapala, Dhurta, Kritbandhu, and Dridhe-shudhi; Mahapurana-sambhavya, Pratyanga, Paraha and Sruti. These, O chief, and other Rajas, we hear enumerated by hundreds and by thousands, and still others by millions, princes of great power and wisdom, quitting very abundant enjoyments met death as thy sons have done! Their heavenly deeds, valour, and generosity, their magnanimity, faith, truth, purity, simplicity and mercy, are published to the world in the records of former times by sacred bards of great learning. Though endued with every noble virtue, these have yielded up their lives. Thy sons were malevolent, inflamed with passion, avaricious, and of very evil-disposition. Thou art versed in the Sastras, O Bharata, and art intelligent and wise; they never sink under misfortunes whose understandings are guided by the Sastras. Thou art acquainted, O prince, with the lenity and severity of fate; this anxiety therefore for the safety of thy children is unbecoming. Moreover, it behoveth thee not to grieve for that which must happen: for who can avert, by his wisdom, the decrees of fate? No one can leave the way marked out for him by Providence. Existence and non-existence, pleasure and pain all have Time for their root. Time createth all things and Time destroyeth all creatures. It is Time that burneth creatures and it is Time that extinguisheth the fire. All states, the good and the evil, in the three worlds, are caused by Time. Time cutteth short all things and createth them anew. Time alone is awake when all things are asleep: indeed, Time is incapable of being overcome. Time passeth over all things without being retarded. Knowing, as thou dost, that all things past and future and all that exist at the present moment, are the offspring of Time, it behoveth thee not to throw away thy reason.'

"Sauti said, 'The son of Gavalgana having in this manner administered comfort to the royal Dhritarashtra overwhelmed with grief for his sons, then restored his mind to peace. Taking these facts for his subject, Dwaipayana composed a holy Upanishad that has been published to the world by learned and sacred bards in the Puranas composed by them.

"The study of the Bharata is an act of piety. He that readeth even one foot, with belief, hath his sins entirely purged away. Herein Devas, Devarshis, and immaculate Brahmarshis of good deeds, have been spoken of; and likewise Yakshas and great Uragas (Nagas). Herein also hath been described the eternal Vasudeva possessing the six attributes. He is the true and just, the pure and holy, the eternal Brahma, the supreme soul, the true constant light, whose divine deeds wise and learned recount; from whom hath proceeded the non-existent and existent-non-existent universe with principles of generation and progression, and birth, death and re-birth. That also hath been treated of which is called Adhyatma (the superintending spirit of nature) that partaketh of the attributes of the five elements. That also hath been described who is purusha being above such epithets as 'undisplayed' and the like; also that which the foremost yatis exempt from the common destiny and endued with the power of meditation and Tapas behold dwelling in their hearts as a reflected image in the mirror.

"The man of faith, devoted to piety, and constant in the exercise of virtue, on reading this section is freed from sin. The believer that constantly heareth recited this section of the Bharata, called the Introduction, from the beginning, falleth not into difficulties. The man repeating any part of the introduction in the two twilights is during such act freed from the sins contracted during the day or the night. This section, the body of the Bharata, is truth and nectar. As butter is in curd, Brahmana among bipeds, the Aranyaka among the Vedas, and nectar among medicines; as the sea is eminent among receptacles of water, and the cow among quadrupeds; as are these (among the things mentioned) so is the Bharata said to be among histories.

"He that causeth it, even a single foot thereof, to be recited to Brahmanas during a Sradha, his offerings of food and drink to the manes of his ancestors become inexhaustible.

"By the aid of history and the Puranas, the Veda may be expounded; but the Veda is afraid of one of little information lest he should it. The learned man who recites to other this Veda of Vyasa reapeth advantage. It may without doubt destroy even the sin of killing the embryo and the like. He that readeth this holy chapter of the moon, readeth the whole of the Bharata, I ween. The man who with reverence daily listeneth to this sacred work acquireth long life and renown and ascendeth to heaven.

"In former days, having placed the four Vedas on one side and the Bharata on the other, these were weighed in the balance by the celestials assembled for that purpose. And as the latter weighed heavier than the four Vedas with their mysteries, from that period it hath been called in the world Mahabharata (the great Bharata). Being esteemed superior both in substance and gravity of import it is denominated Mahabharata on account of such substance and gravity of import. He that knoweth its meaning is saved from all his sins.

'Tapa is innocent, study is harmless, the ordinance of the Vedas prescribed for all the tribes are harmless, the acquisition of wealth by exertion is harmless; but when they are abused in their practices it is then that they become sources of evil.'"

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