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2021-12-26 08:46:46

Rig Veda 10.129

Rig Veda 10.129

??i (sage/seer): praj?pati? parame??h? [praj?pati parame??h?];
Devat? (deity/subject-matter): bh?vav?ttam ;
Chandas (meter): nic?ttri??up ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

??????????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?
????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ?
n?sad ?s?n no sad ?s?t tad?n?? n?s?d rajo no vyom? paro yat |
kim ?var?va? kuha kasya ?armann ambha? kim ?s?d gahana? gabh?ram ||

Rig Veda 10.129 .1

“The non-existent was not, the existent was not; then the world was not, not the firmament, nor that which is above (the firmament). How could there by any investing envelope, and where? Of what (could there be)felicity? How (could there be) the deep unfathomable water?”

??????????? ????????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?
????????? ??? ???? ??????????? ???????????? ?????? ?
n?sad ?s?n no sad ?s?t tad?n?? n?s?d rajo no vyom? paro yat |
kim ?var?va? kuha kasya ?armann ambha? kim ?s?d gahana? gabh?ram ||

Rig Veda 10.129.2

“Death was not nor at that period immortality, there was no indication of day, of night; That One unbreathed upon breathed of his own strength, other than That there was nothing else whatever.”

?? ????????? ?????????????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?
??????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ?
tama ?s?t tamas? g??ham agre 'praketa? salila? sarvam ? idam |
tucchyen?bhv apihita? yad ?s?t tapasas tan mahin?j?yataikam ||

Rig Veda 10.129.3

“There was darkness covered by darkness in the beginning, all this (world) was undistinguishable water; that empty united (world) which was covered by a mere nothing, was produced through the power of austerity.”

??????????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?
??? ????????? ?????????????? ????????? ???? ????? ?
k?mas tad agre sam avartat?dhi manaso reta? prathama? yad ?s?t |
sato bandhum asati nir avindan h?di prat??y? kavayo man??? ||

Rig Veda 10.129.4

“In the beginning there was desire, which was the first seed of mind; sages having meditated in their hearts have discovered by their wisdom the connexion of the existent with te non-existent.”

????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?
?????? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????? ?
tira?c?no vitato ra?mir e??m adha? svid ?s?d upari svid ?s?t |
retodh? ?san mahim?na ?san svadh? avast?t prayati? parast?t ||

Rig Veda 10.129.5

“Their ray was stretched out, whether across, or below, or above; (some) were shredders of seed,(others) were mighty; food was inferior; the eater was superior.”

?? ????? ??? ? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?
??????????? ???? ???????????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?
ko addh? veda ka iha pra vocat kuta ?j?t? kuta iya? vis???i? |
arv?g dev? asya visarjanen?th? ko veda yata ?babh?va ||

Rig Veda 10.129.6

“Who really knows? Who in this world may declare it! whence was this creation, whence was it engendered? The gods (were) subsequent to the (world's) creation; so who knows whence it arose?”

??? ???????????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?? ? ?
?? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ? ??? ?
iya? vis???ir yata ?babh?va yadi v? dadhe yadi v? na |
yo asy?dhyak?a? parame vyoman so a?ga veda yadi v? na veda ||

Rig Veda 10.129.7

“He from whom this creation arose, he may uphold it, or he may not (no one else can); he who is its superintendent in the highest heaven, he assuredly knows, or if he knows not (no one else does).”

Commentary by S?ya?a: ?gveda-bh??ya

The non-existent: sat, asat: visible and invisible existence (asat ?a?avi???avatrirup?khyam n?s?t: Taittir?ya Sa?hit? 7.1.5.1); matter and spirit, prak?tiand puru?a; the First Cause or Brahm? was in the beginning undeveloped in its effects, and existed before both; investing envelope: each element as created or developed is invested by its rudiment; of what could therebe felicity: i.e., of whom or of what living being could enjoyment, or fruition, whether of pain or plural a sure, be predicated, there being no life?

Breathed: svadh? = m?y?, or prak?ti (illusion or nature), the source of the world of phenomena; ?a = breathed alongwith m?y?

Austerity: tapas = not penance, but the contemplation of things which were to be created: yahsarvajña? sarvavit yasya jñ?namayam tapa?: Mu??aka Upani?ad 1.1.9

Desire: i.e., in the mind of the Supreme Being

Their ray was stretched out: a reference to the suddenness of creation, which was developed in the twinkling of an eye, like the flash of the sun's ray. It was so quick that it was doubtful whether the things in the central space (across) were created first, or those above or those below; i.e., creation took plural ce simultaneously in all three portions of the universe. This was the order in which things were created, but the development of the world was like a flash of lightning, so that the series could not be distinguished (tats???v? tadev?nupr?vi?at: Taittir?ya ?ra?yaka 8.6). Thus the notion of a series,viz., from ?tm? came the ?k??a, from the ?k??a the wind, from the wind fire etc., is reconciled: ?tmana?k??a? sambh?ta ?k???dv?yurv?yoragni?: Taittir?ya ?ra?yaka 8.1; whether across, or below, or above: tira?cina? = across, tiryaksrotas, that in which the stream of life is horizontal, i.e., the animal world;among the created objects some were living creatures, others were great, as the sky etc., the former being the enjoyers (bhokt?ra?), the latter the things to be enjoyed (bhojya?), so the creation was distinguished as the food and the feeder

When cewas it engendered: i.e., from what material cause, and from what creative cause, did it arise?

Sa bhagavahkasmin prati??hita: Ch?ndogya Upani?ad 7.24.1

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

? ? ???? ? ????? ? ?? ??? ? ??? ? ????? ? ??????? ? ? ? ????? ? ??? ? ?? ??? ? ???? ? ??? ? ??? ? ???? ? ? ? ????????? ? ??? ? ???? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ???? ? ????? ? ????? ? ?????? ?
na | asat | ?s?t | no iti | sat | ?s?t | tad?n?m | na | ?s?t | raja? | no iti | vi-oma | para? | yat | kim | ? | avar?variti | kuha | kasya | ?arman | ambha? | kim | ?s?t | gahanam | gabh?ram

? ? ??????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ? ? ????? ? ? ? ????????? ? ????? ? ????? ? ??????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ??? ? ???? ? ??????? ? ? ? ?????? ? ? ? ??? ? ???? ? ?? ? ?? ?
na | m?tyu? | ?s?t | am?tam | na | tarhi | na | r?try?? | ahna? | ?s?t | pra-keta? | ?n?t | av?tam | svadhay? | tat | ekam | tasm?t | ha | anyat | na | para? | kim | cana | ?sa

??? ? ????? ? ???? ? ??????? ? ????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ? ?????? ? ?? ? ???? ? ????????? ? ??? ? ???????? ? ??? ? ????? ? ???? ? ??? ? ????? ? ????? ? ???? ?
tama? | ?s?t | tamas? | g??ham | agre | apra-ketam | salilam | sarvam | ?? | idam | tucchyena | ?bhu | api-hitam | yat | ?s?t | tapasa? | tat | mahin? | aj?yata | ekam

???? ? ??? ? ????? ? ??? ? ?????? ? ??? ? ???? ? ???? ? ??????? ? ??? ? ????? ? ??? ? ??????? ? ???? ? ??? ? ???????? ? ???? ? ????????? ? ???? ? ????? ?
k?ma? | tat | agre | sam | avartata | adhi | manasa? | reta? | prathamam | yat | ?s?t | sata? | bandhum | asati | ni? | avindan | h?di | prat??y? | kavaya? | man???

????????? ? ????? ? ?????? ? ????? ? ??? ? ?????? ? ???3?? ? ???? ? ?????? ? ???3?? ? ??????? ? ???? ? ??????? ? ???? ? ????? ? ???????? ? ??????? ? ???????? ?
tira?c?na? | vi-tata? | ra?mi? | e??m | adha? | svit | ?s?3t | upari | svit | ?s?3t | reta?-dh?? | ?san | mahim?na? | ?san | svadh? | avast?t | pra-yati? | parast?t

?? ? ????? ? ??? ? ?? ? ?? ? ??? ? ????? ? ???? ? ????? ? ???? ? ???? ? ????????? ? ??????? ? ????? ? ???? ? ????????? ? ?? ? ?? ? ??? ? ??? ? ????? ?
ka? | addh? | veda | ka? | iha | pra | vocat | kuta? | ?j?t? | kuta? | iyam | vi-s???i? | arv?k | dev?? | asya | vi-sarjanena | atha | ka? | veda | yata? | ?babh?va

???? ? ????????? ? ??? ? ????? ? ??? ? ?? ? ??? ? ??? ? ?? ? ? ? ?? ? ???? ? ???????? ? ???? ? ?????? ? ?? ? ???? ? ??? ? ??? ? ?? ? ? ? ??? ?
iyam | vi-s???i? | yata? | ?babh?va | yadi | v? | dadhe | yadi | v? | na | ya? | asya | adhi-ak?a? | parame | vi-oman | sa? | a?ga | veda | yadi | v? | na | veda

Multi-layer Annotation of the ?gveda

? < ?? < as
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

'praketa? < a
[adverb] “not; ak?ra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

'praketa? < praketam < praketa
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “sight; knowledge; appearance.”

?babh?va < ?bh? < ?bh?
[verb], singular, Perfect indicative. “originate.”

adha? < adhas
[adverb] “below; down; adhas [word].”

addh?
[adverb] “in truth.”

agre < agra
[noun], locative, singular, neuter. “tip; beginning; peak; end; front; top; beginning; battlefront; agra [word]; acme; fingertip; top; best; optimum; climax; matter; glans.”

ahna < ahna? < ahar
[noun], genitive, singular, neuter. “day; day; ahar [word]; day; day.”

?j?t? < ?jan < ?jan
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “be born.”

ambha? < ambhas
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “water; juice; body of water; ambhas [word]; urine; perspiration.”

am?ta? < am?tam < am?ta
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “am?ta; immortality; vatsan?bha; ambrosia; mercury; medicine; vighasa; calcium hydroxide.”

?n?d < ?n?t < an
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “breathe.”

a?ga
[adverb] “in truth; a?ga [word]; entirely; merely.”

apihita? < apihitam < apidh? < ?dh?
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “cover; obstruct.”

arv?g < arv?k
[adverb] “here.”

asati < asat
[noun], locative, singular, masculine. “nonexistent; bad; wrong; wrong; asat [prefix]; dissident; fake.”

?san < as
[verb], plural, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

?s?d < ?s?t < as
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

?s?n < ?s?t < as
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

?s?t < as
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

asya < idam
[noun], genitive, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

asy?dhyak?a? < asya < idam
[noun], genitive, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

asy?dhyak?a? < adhyak?a? < adhyak?a
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “overseer; adhyak?a [word]; mayor; head.”

?var?va? < ?var?var < ?varv?t < ?v?t
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “eddy; move back and forth.”

av?ta? < a
[adverb] “not; ak?ra; a [taddhita]; a [word]; a; a.”

av?ta? < v?tam < v?ta
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “v?ta; wind; fart; Vayu; air; draft; v?ta [word]; V?ta; rheumatism; Marut.”

avast?t
[adverb] “below.”

avartat?dhi < avartata < v?t
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “behave; happen; exist; return; dwell; die; roll; continue; act; exist; feed on; issue; move; travel; proceed; turn; situate; drive; account for; begin; do; inhere; revolve.”

avartat?dhi < adhi
[adverb] “on; from; accordingly.”

avindan < vid
[verb], plural, Imperfect. “find; detect; marry; get; think.”

bandhum < bandhu
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “relative; bandhu [word]; association; friend; kin.”

can?sa < cana
[adverb] “not even; cana [word].”

can?sa < ?sa < as
[verb], singular, Perfect indicative. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

dadhe < dh?
[verb], singular, Perfect indicative. “put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

dev? < deva
[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine. “Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Vi?vedev?s; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

eka? < ekam < eka
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “one; single(a); alone(p); some(a); single(a); eka [word]; alone(p); excellent; each(a); some(a); one; same; alone(p); some(a); consistent; any(a); undifferentiated; disjunct.”

e??m < idam
[noun], genitive, plural, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

gahana? < gahanam < gahana
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “impenetrable; profound; dense; abounding in(p); inexplicable; deep.”

gabh?ram < gabh?ra
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “deep; profound; immeasurable; unfathomable; unfathomable; mysterious; deep; countless.”

g??ham < guh
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “hide; cover; conceal; shroud; obscure.”

h?di < h?d
[noun], locative, singular, neuter. “heart; heart; mind; breast; h?d [word].”

idam
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

iha
[adverb] “here; now; in this world; now; below; there; here; just.”

iya? < iyam < idam
[noun], nominative, singular, feminine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

k?mas < k?ma? < k?ma
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “wish; desire; sexual love; sexual desire; desire; Kama; sensuality; love; purpose; sexual arousal; pleasure; enjoyment; licentiousness; k?ma [word]; sexual intercourse; thorn apple; wish.”

ki? < kim < ka
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “what; who; ka [pronoun].”

ko < ka? < ka
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “what; who; ka [pronoun].”

kuha
[adverb] “wherein.”

kuta < kutas
[adverb] “how; whence; why.”

kasya < ka
[noun], genitive, singular, masculine. “what; who; ka [pronoun].”

kavayo < kavaya? < kavi
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine. “poet; wise man; bard; Venus; U?anas; kavi [word]; Kavi; prophet; guru; Brahma.”

mahim?na < mahim?na? < mahiman
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine. “greatness; power; mahiman.”

mahin?j?yataikam < mahin? < mahi
[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter. “greatness.”

mahin?j?yataikam < aj?yata < jan
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

mahin?j?yataikam < ekam < eka
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “one; single(a); alone(p); some(a); single(a); eka [word]; alone(p); excellent; each(a); some(a); one; same; alone(p); some(a); consistent; any(a); undifferentiated; disjunct.”

manaso < manasa? < manas
[noun], genitive, singular, neuter. “mind; Manas; purpose; idea; attention; heart; decision; manas [word]; manas [indecl.]; spirit; temper; intelligence.”

man???
[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine. “hymn; inspiration; idea; thinking; wish; consideration; intelligence.”

m?tyur < m?tyu? < m?tyu
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “death; Yama; m?ra?a; M?tyu.”

n?sad < n? < na
[adverb] “not; like; no; na [word].”

n?sad < asat
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “nonexistent; bad; wrong; wrong; asat [prefix]; dissident; fake.”

n?s?d < ?s?t < as
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

no < na
[adverb] “not; like; no; na [word].”

na
[adverb] “not; like; no; na [word].”

no < u
[adverb] “uk?ra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

nir < ni?
[adverb] “ni?; away; out; without.”

para? < paras
[adverb] “beyond; away; farther.”

parast?t
[adverb] “above; subsequently.”

paro < paras
[adverb] “beyond; away; farther.”

pra
[adverb] “towards; ahead.”

praketa? < praketa
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “sight; knowledge; appearance.”

parame < parama
[noun], locative, singular, masculine. “extreme; best; excellent; highest; highest; devoted(p); maximal; distant; parama [word]; very; farthermost.”

prathama? < prathamam < prathama
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “first; prathama [word]; third; young; chief(a); best; antecedent.”

prat??y? < prat??ya < prat?? < ?i?
[verb noun] “accept; search.”

prayati? < prayati
[noun], nominative, singular, feminine. “offering.”

rajo < raja? < rajas
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “powder; menorrhea; dust; Rajas; atmosphere; rajas; pollen; passion; rajas [word]; sind?ra; rust; tin; impurity; dark; sky.”

r?try? < r?try?? < r?tri
[noun], genitive, singular, feminine. “night; night; r?tri [word]; turmeric; R?tri; day; night.”

reta? < retas
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “semen; sperm.”

ra?mir < ra?mi? < ra?mi
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “beam; rein; sunbeam; shininess; cord.”

retodh? < reta? < retas
[noun], neuter. “semen; sperm.”

retodh? < dh?? < dh?
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine. “giving.”

sad < sat < as
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

salila? < salilam < salila
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “water; juice; body of water; Udaka; rain; flood.”

sam
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “sam; together; together; sa?.”

so < sa? < tad
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

?armann < ?arman
[noun], locative, singular, neuter. “protection; protective covering; refuge; joy.”

sarvam < sarva
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “all(a); whole; complete; sarva [word]; every(a); each(a); all; entire; s??nip?tika; manifold; complete; all the(a); different; overall.”

sato < sata? < as
[verb noun], genitive, singular. “be; exist; become; originate; happen; result; be; dwell; be born; stay; be; equal; exist; transform.”

svadh?
[noun], nominative, singular, feminine. “free will; offering; libation; nature; svadh? [word]; comfort; power.”

svadhay? < svadh?
[noun], instrumental, singular, feminine. “free will; offering; libation; nature; svadh? [word]; comfort; power.”

svid
[adverb] “svid [word].”

tad?n?? < tad?n?m
[adverb] “at that time; then.”

tama < tama? < tamas
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “dark; darkness; Tamas; tamas [word]; faint; tamas; gloom; ignorance.”

tamas? < tamas
[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter. “dark; darkness; Tamas; tamas [word]; faint; tamas; gloom; ignorance.”

tarhi
[adverb] “at that time; then.”

tad < tat < tad
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tan < tat < tad
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tapasas < tapasa? < tapas
[noun], genitive, singular, neuter. “penance; heat; Tapoloka; tapas [word]; ardor; austerity; summer; heat.”

tasm?ddh?nyan < tasm?t < tad
[noun], ablative, singular, neuter. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tasm?ddh?nyan < ha
[adverb] “indeed; ha [word].”

tasm?ddh?nyan < anyat < anya
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “other; another(a); remaining; different; anya [word]; other than; more(a); fresh; any(a).”

tira?c?no < tira?c?na? < tira?c?na
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “horizontal; cross(a).”

tucchyen?bhv < tucchyena < tucchya
[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter. “emptiness.”

tucchyen?bhv < ?bhu
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “stingy; empty.”

upari
[adverb] “above; up; additionally; upari [word]; subsequently.”

v?
[adverb] “or; optionally; either.”

veda < vid
[verb], singular, Perfect indicative. “know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

vitato < vitata? < vitan < ?tan
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “expand; perform; scatter; prolong; increase.”

vis???i? < vis???i
[noun], nominative, singular, feminine. “universe; creation.”

vis???ir < vis???i? < vis???i
[noun], nominative, singular, feminine. “universe; creation.”

visarjanen?th? < visarjanena < visarjana
[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter. “gift.”

visarjanen?th? < ath? < atha
[adverb] “now; then; furthermore; now; then.”

vocat < vac
[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.). “say; describe; name; tell; address; enumerate; call; state; teach; explain; say; declare; speak; define; declare; order; address; recommend; answer; deem; recite; approve; proclaim; indicate; determine; mention; designate.”

vyom? < vyoman
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “abhra; sky; ?k??a; Svarga; Vyoman.”

yat < yad
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “who; which; yat [pronoun].”

yad < yat < yad
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “who; which; yat [pronoun].”

yadi
[adverb] “if; in case.”

yata < yatas
[adverb] “from which; whence; wherein.”

yo < ya? < yad
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “who. ; which; yat [pronoun].”