Rig Veda 1.10

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Rig Veda 1.10

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): madhucchandāḥ vaiśvāmitraḥ [madhucchandas vaiśvāmitra];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍnuṣṭup ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

गायन्ति त्वा गायत्रिणोऽर्चन्त्यर्कमर्किणः ।
ब्रह्माणस्त्वा शतक्रत उद्वंशमिव येमिरे ॥
gāyanti tvā gāyatriṇo 'rcanty arkam arkiṇaḥ |
brahmāṇas tvā śatakrata ud vaṃśam iva yemire ||

Rig Veda 1.10.1

“The chanters (of the Soma) hymn you, Śatakratu; the reciters of the Ṛk praise you, who are worthy of praise; the Bra-hmaṇas raise you aloft, like a bamboo pole.”

यत्सानोः सानुमारुहद्भूर्यस्पष्ट कर्त्वम् ।
तदिन्द्रो अर्थं चेतति यूथेन वृष्णिरेजति ॥
yat sānoḥ sānum āruhad bhūry aspaṣṭa kartvam |
tad indro arthaṃ cetati yūthena vṛṣṇir ejati ||

Rig Veda 1.10.2

“Indra, the showever (of blessings), knows the object (of his worshipper), who has performed many acts of worship (with the Soma gathered) on the ridges of the mountain, and (therefore) comes with the troop (of Maruts).”

युक्ष्वा हि केशिना हरी वृषणा कक्ष्यप्रा ।
अथा न इन्द्र सोमपा गिरामुपश्रुतिं चर ॥
yukṣvā hi keśinā harī vṛṣaṇā kakṣyaprā |
athā na indra somapā girām upaśrutiṃ cara ||

Rig Veda 1.10.3

“Indra, drinker of the Soma, having put to your long-maned, vigorous, and well-conditioned steeds, come nigh to hear our praises.”

एहि स्तोमाँ अभि स्वराभि गृणीह्या रुव ।
ब्रह्म च नो वसो सचेन्द्र यज्ञं च वर्धय ॥
ehi stomām̐ abhi svarābhi gṛṇīhy ā ruva |
brahma ca no vaso sacendra yajñaṃ ca vardhaya ||

Rig Veda 1.10.4

“Come, Vasu, (to this our rite); reply to our hymns, answer (to our praises), respond to (our prayers); be propitious, Indra, to our sacrifice, and (bestow upon us abundant) food.”

उक्थमिन्द्राय शंस्यं वर्धनं पुरुनिष्षिधे ।
शक्रो यथा सुतेषु णो रारणत्सख्येषु च ॥
uktham indrāya śaṃsyaṃ vardhanam puruniṣṣidhe |
śakro yathā suteṣu ṇo rāraṇat sakhyeṣu ca ||

Rig Veda 1.10.5

“The hymn, the cause of increase, is to be repeated to Indra, the repeller of many foes, that Śakra may speak (with kindness) to our sons and to our friends.”

तमित्सखित्व ईमहे तं राये तं सुवीर्ये ।
स शक्र उत नः शकदिन्द्रो वसु दयमानः ॥
tam it sakhitva īmahe taṃ rāye taṃ suvīrye |
sa śakra uta naḥ śakad indro vasu dayamānaḥ ||

Rig Veda 1.10.6

“We have recourse to Indra for his friendship, for wealth, for perfect might; for he, the powerful Indra, conferring wealth, is able (to protect us).

सुविवृतं सुनिरजमिन्द्र त्वादातमिद्यशः ।
गवामप व्रजं वृधि कृणुष्व राधो अद्रिवः ॥
suvivṛtaṃ sunirajam indra tvādātam id yaśaḥ |
gavām apa vrajaṃ vṛdhi kṛṇuṣva rādho adrivaḥ ||

Rig Veda 1.10.7

“Indra, by you is food (rendered) everywhere abundant, easy of attainment, and assuredly perfect; wielder of the thunderbolt, set open the cow-pastures, and provide (ample) wealth.”

नहि त्वा रोदसी उभे ऋघायमाणमिन्वतः ।
जेषः स्वर्वतीरपः सं गा अस्मभ्यं धूनुहि ॥
nahi tvā rodasī ubhe ṛghāyamāṇam invataḥ |
jeṣaḥ svarvatīr apaḥ saṃ gā asmabhyaṃ dhūnuhi ||

Rig Veda 1.10.8

“Heaven and earth are unable to sustain you when destroying your enemies; you may command the waters of heaven; send us lberally kine.”

आश्रुत्कर्ण श्रुधी हवं नू चिद्दधिष्व मे गिरः ।
इन्द्र स्तोममिमं मम कृष्वा युजश्चिदन्तरम् ॥
āśrutkarṇa śrudhī havaṃ nū cid dadhiṣva me giraḥ |
indra stomam imam mama kṛṣvā yujaś cid antaram ||

Rig Veda 1.10.9

“Oh! your whose ears hear all things, listen quickly to my invocation; hold in your heart my praises; keep near to you this my hymn, as it were (the words of) a friend.”

विद्मा हि त्वा वृषन्तमं वाजेषु हवनश्रुतम् ।
वृषन्तमस्य हूमह ऊतिं सहस्रसातमाम् ॥
vidmā hi tvā vṛṣantamaṃ vājeṣu havanaśrutam |
vṛṣantamasya hūmaha ūtiṃ sahasrasātamām ||

Rig Veda 1.10.10

“We know you, liberal rainer (of blessings), the hearer of our call in battles; we invoke the thousand-fold profitable protection of you, the showerer (of bounties).”

आ तू न इन्द्र कौशिक मन्दसानः सुतं पिब ।
नव्यमायुः प्र सू तिर कृधी सहस्रसामृषिम् ॥
ā tū na indra kauśika mandasānaḥ sutam piba |
navyam āyuḥ pra sū tira kṛdhī sahasrasām ṛṣim ||

Rig Veda 1.10.11

“Come quickly, Indra, sone of Kuśika, delighted drink the libation; prolong the life that merits commendation; make me, who am a Ṛṣi abundantly endowed (with possessions).”

परि त्वा गिर्वणो गिर इमा भवन्तु विश्वतः ।
वृद्धायुमनु वृद्धयो जुष्टा भवन्तु जुष्टयः ॥
pari tvā girvaṇo gira imā bhavantu viśvataḥ |
vṛddhāyum anu vṛddhayo juṣṭā bhavantu juṣṭayaḥ ||

Rig Veda 1.10.12

“May these our praises be on all occasions around you, deserver of praise; may they augment the power of you, who are long-lived, and being agreeable to you, may they yield delight (to us).”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

Gāyatriṇaḥ = lit. those who use gāyatrī metre: udgātā, chanter of Sāma hymns; Arkiṇaḥ = reciters of the ṛcā: hotā; Brāmaṇaḥ = brahmā of a sacrifice, a priest so denominated and other brāhmaṇas (or, utterers of prayer. tvā va"ṃśam iva udyemire, they have raised you like a bamboo (vaṃśo vanaśayo bhavati vananācchrūyata iti vā (Nirukta. 5.5); they have elevated Indra, as tumblers raise a bamboo pole, on the summit of which they balance themselves; Vaṃśa = family (i.e. as ambitious person ns raise their family to consequence).

Yat sānoḥ sānum āruhat, mounting from ridge to ridge: this is said of the yajamāna, who goes to the mountain to gather soma for bruising, or fuel for the fire, or other articles required for the ceremony

Kakṣyaprā = lit. filling out their girths, i.e. well-conditioned

Vasu = Indra, the original donor or cause of habitations; from vas, to dwell, nivāsakāraṇa-bhūta

Śakra = Indra, the powerful; from śak = to be able

Lit. Indra, as the sender of rain, should fertilize the fields, and by providing abundant pasturage, enable the cattle to yield store of milk.

Viśvāmitra, the sage, is the son of Kuśika; Legend: Kuśika, the son of Iṣirathi, was desirous of a son equal to Indra; he did penance and Indra was born as the son of Gāthi (Gādhi) (Anukramaṇikā 3.1): kuśikastvaiṣīrathirindratulyam putramicchan brahmacarya cacāra; tasyendra eva gāthī putro jajñe

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

गायन्ति । त्वा । गायत्रिणः । अर्चन्ति । अर्कम् । अर्किणः । ब्रह्माणः । त्वा । शतक्रतो इति शतक्रतो । उत् । वंशम्इव । येमिरे ॥
gāyanti | tvā | gāyatriṇaḥ | arcanti | arkam | arkiṇaḥ | brahmāṇaḥ | tvā | śatakrato itiśata-krato | ut | vaṃśam-iva | yemire

यत् । सानोः । सानुम् । आ । अरुहत् । भूरि । अस्पष्ट । कर्त्वम् । तत् । इन्द्रः । अर्थम् । चेतति । यूथेन । वृष्णिः । एजति ॥
yat | sānoḥ | sānum | ā | aruhat | bhūri | aspaṣṭa | kartvam | tat | indraḥ | artham | cetati | yūthena | vṛṣṇiḥ | ejati

युक्ष्व । हि । केशिना । हरी इति । वृषणा । कक्ष्यप्रा । अथ । नः । इन्द्र । सोमपाः । गिराम् । उपश्रुतिम् । चर ॥
yukṣva | hi | keśinā | harī iti | vṛṣaṇā | kakṣya-prā | atha | naḥ | indra | soma-pāḥ | girām | upa-śrutim | cara

आ । इहि । स्तोमान् । अभि । स्वर । अभि । गृणीहि । आ । रुव । ब्रह्म । च । नः । वसो इति । सचा । इन्द्र । यज्ञम् । च । वर्धय ॥
ā | ihi | stomān | abhi | svara | abhi | gṛṇīhi | ā | ruva | brahma | ca | naḥ | vaso iti | sacā | indra | yajñam | ca | vardhaya

उक्थम् । इन्द्राय । शंस्यम् । वर्धनम् । पुरुनिःसिधे । शक्रः । यथा । सुतेषु । नः । ररणत् । सख्येषु । च ॥
uktham | indrāya | śaṃsyam | vardhanam | puruniḥ-sidhe | śakraḥ | yathā | suteṣu | naḥ | raraṇat | sakhyeṣu | ca

तम् । इत् । सखित्वे । ईमहे । तम् । राये । तम् । सुवीर्ये । सः । शक्रः । उत । नः । शकत् । इन्द्रः । वसु । दयमानः ॥
tam | it | sakhi-tve | īmahe | tam | rāye | tam | su-vīrye | saḥ | śakraḥ | uta | naḥ | śakat | indraḥ | vasu | dayamānaḥ

सुविवृतम् । सुनिःअजम् । इन्द्र । त्वादातम् । इत् । यशः । गवाम् । अप । व्रजम् । वृधि । कृणुष्व । राधः । अद्रिवः ॥
su-vivṛtam | suniḥ-ajam | indra | tvādātam | it | yaśaḥ | gavām | apa | vrajam | vṛdhi | kṛṇuṣva | rādhaḥ | adri-vaḥ

नहि । त्वा । रोदसी इति । उभे इति । ऋघायमाणम् । इन्वतः । जेषः । स्वःवतीः । अपः । सम् । गाः । अस्मभ्यम् । धूनुहि ॥
nahi | tvā | rodasī iti | ubhe iti | ṛghāyamāṇam | invataḥ | jeṣaḥ | svaḥ-vatīḥ | apaḥ | sam | gāḥ | asmabhyam | dhūnuhi

आश्रुत्कर्ण । श्रुधि । हवम् । नू । चित् । दधिष्व । मे । गिरः । इन्द्र । स्तोमम् । इमम् । मम । कृष्व । युजः । चित् । अन्तरम् ॥
āśrut-karṇa | śrudhi | havam | nū | cit | dadhiṣva | me | giraḥ | indra | stomam | imam | mama | kṛṣva | yujaḥ | cit | antaram

विद्म । हि । त्वा । वृषन्तमम् । वाजेषु । हवनश्रुतम् । वृषन्तमस्य । हूमहे । ऊतिम् । सहस्रसातमाम् ॥
vidma | hi | tvā | vṛṣan-tamam | vājeṣu | havana-śrutam | vṛṣan-tamasya | hūmahe | ūtim | sahasra-sātamām

आ । तु । नः । इन्द्र । कौशिक । मन्दसानः । सुतम् । पिब । नव्यम् । आयुः । प्र । सु । तिर । कृधि । सहस्रसाम् । ऋषिम् ॥
ā | tu | naḥ | indra | kauśika | mandasānaḥ | sutam | piba | navyam | āyuḥ | pra | su | tira | kṛdhi | sahasra-sām | ṛṣim

परि । त्वा । गिर्वणः । गिरः । इमाः । भवन्तु । विश्वतः । वृद्धआयुम् । अनु । वृद्धयः । जुष्टाः । भवन्तु । जुष्टयः ॥
pari | tvā | girvaṇaḥ | giraḥ | imāḥ | bhavantu | viśvataḥ | vṛddha-āyum | anu | vṛddhayaḥ | juṣṭāḥ | bhavantu | juṣṭayaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.10 English analysis of grammar]

'rcanty < arcanti < arc
[verb], plural, Present indikative. “sing; worship; honor; praise; welcome.”

ā
[adverb] “towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

abhi
[adverb] “towards; on.”

arkam < arka
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “Calotropis gigantea Beng.; sun; copper; Surya; hymn; twelve; fire; beam.”

arkiṇaḥ < arkin
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

aspaṣṭa < paś
[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.) “see; view; watch; meet; observe; think of; look; examine; behold; visit; understand.”

āruhad < āruhat < āruh < √ruh
[verb], singular, Imperfect. “board; hop on; climb; ascend; descend; ride; copulate; grow.”

arthaṃ < artham < artha
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “for; meaning; purpose; sense; wealth; object of sense; matter; aim; money; message; object; artha [word]; wealth; function; content; topic; property; situation; reason; affair; concern; reason; enterprise; reason; cause; five; application; application.”

athā < atha
[adverb] “now; then; furthermore; now; then.”

apa
[adverb] “away.”

apaḥ < ap
[noun], accusative, plural, feminine. “water; body of water; water; ap [word]; juice; jala.”

adrivaḥ < adrivas < adrivat
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “rocky; petrous.”

asmabhyaṃ < asmabhyam < mad
[noun], dative, plural. “I; mine.”

āśrutkarṇa < āśrut
[noun]

āśrutkarṇa < karṇa
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “ear; Karṇa; karṇa [word]; auricle; fluke; diameter; lobule.”

āyuḥ < āyus
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “life; longevity; āyus; life; āyus [word]; Āyus.”

anu
[adverb] “subsequently; behind; along; towards; because.”

antaram < antara
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “another(a); other; interior; different; near; intermediate; following.”

bhavantu < bhū
[verb], plural, Present imperative. “become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

bhūry < bhūri
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “much; many; much(a); abundant; rich; mighty; distinguished.”

brahma < brahman
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “brahman; mantra; prayer; spell; Veda; Brahmin; sacred text; final emancipation; hymn; brahman [word]; Brāhmaṇa; study.”

brahmāṇas < brahmāṇaḥ < brahman
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine. “Brahma; Brahmin; dhak; Brahman; brahman [word]; Brahman; Brahmin; Brahmapurāṇa; Vishnu; Brihaspati.”

ca
[adverb] “and; besides; then; now; even.”

cetati < cit
[verb], singular, Present indikative. “notice; observe; attend to; intend.”

cara < car
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “car; wander; perform; travel; bore; produce; make; dwell; dig; act; observe; enter (a state); observe; cause; crop; behave; practice; heed; process; administer.”

cid < cit
[adverb] “even; indeed.”

dhūnuhi < dhū
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “shake; remove; chase away.”

dadhiṣva < dhā
[verb], singular, Perfect imperative. “put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

dayamānaḥ < day
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “share.”

ehi < e < √i
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “come; travel.”

ejati < ej
[verb], singular, Present indikative. “move; stir; tremble; travel.”

gāyanti <
[verb], plural, Present indikative. “sing; praise; jap; recite; describe.”

gāyatriṇo < gāyatriṇaḥ < gāyatrin
[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

girām < gir
[noun], genitive, plural, feminine. “hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

gṛṇīhy < gṛṇīhi < gṛ
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “praise.”

gavām < go
[noun], genitive, plural. “cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

< gāḥ < go
[noun], accusative, plural. “cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

giraḥ < gir
[noun], accusative, plural, feminine. “hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

girvaṇo < girvaṇaḥ < girvaṇas
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine .

gira < giraḥ < gir
[noun], nominative, plural, feminine. “hymn; praise; voice; words; invocation; command; statement; cry; language.”

hi
[adverb] “because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

harī < hari
[noun], accusative, dual, masculine. “Vishnu; monkey; Krishna; horse; lion; Indra; Hari; Surya; Hari; haritāla; Hari; snake; frog.”

havaṃ < havam < hava
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “invocation.”

havanaśrutam < havana
[noun], neuter. “invocation.”

havanaśrutam < śrutam < śrut
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “listening.”

hūmaha < hūmahe < hvā
[verb], plural, Present indikative. “raise; call on; call; summon.”

indro < indraḥ < indra
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indra
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

indrāya < indra
[noun], dative, singular, masculine. “Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

invataḥ < inv
[verb], dual, Present indikative. “bring; drive.”

id
[adverb] “indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

iva
[adverb] “like; as it were; somehow; just so.”

it < id
[adverb] “indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

imam < idam
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

imā < imāḥ < idam
[noun], nominative, plural, feminine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

īmahe < ī < √i
[verb], plural, Present indikative. “beg; solicit.”

jeṣaḥ < ji
[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj. “overcome; cure; win; conquer; control; win; succeed; remove; beat; govern; surpass; suppress.”

juṣṭā < juṣṭāḥ < juṣ
[verb noun], nominative, plural. “enjoy; endow; possess; frequent; accompany; induce; consume; approve; affect; attend; befit; blend; contract.”

juṣṭayaḥ < juṣṭi
[noun], nominative, plural, feminine. “satisfaction; enjoyment.”

kartvam < kṛ
[verb noun], accusative, singular. “make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kṛṇuṣva < kṛ
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kṛṣvā < kṛ
[verb], singular, Aorist imperative. “make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

kṛdhī < kṛdhi < kṛ
[verb], singular, Aorist imperative. “make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

keśinā < keśin
[noun], accusative, dual, masculine. “haired.”

kakṣyaprā < kakṣya
[noun], neuter. “cinch.”

kakṣyaprā < prā
[noun], accusative, dual, masculine. “appreciated.”

kauśika
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “Viśvāmitra; Indra; Kauśika; kauśika [word]; Vishnu; Shiva.”

me < mad
[noun], genitive, singular. “I; mine.”

mama < mad
[noun], genitive, singular. “I; mine.”

mandasānaḥ < mand
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “rejoice; exhilarate.”

na < naḥ < mad
[noun], genitive, plural. “I; mine.”

nahi
[adverb]

no < naḥ < mad
[noun], genitive, plural. “I; mine.”

naḥ < mad
[noun], dative, plural. “I; mine.”

< nu
[adverb] “now; already.”

navyam < navya
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “new; fresh.”

piba <
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

pra
[adverb] “towards; ahead.”

pari
[adverb] “from; about; around.”

puruniṣṣidhe < puru
[noun] “many; much(a); very.”

puruniṣṣidhe < niṣṣidhe < niṣṣidh
[noun], dative, singular, masculine

ṛṣim < ṛṣi
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “Ṛṣi; spiritual teacher; ascetic; Mantra.”

rāraṇat < ran
[verb], singular, Perfect conjunctive (subj.). “rejoice.”

ruva < ru
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “bellow; howl.”

rāye < rai
[noun], dative, singular, masculine. “wealth; possession; rai [word]; gold.”

rādho < rādhaḥ < rādhas
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “gift; munificence; liberality; bounty.”

rodasī < rodas
[noun], nominative, dual, neuter. “heaven and earth; Earth.”

ṛghāyamāṇam < ṛghāy
[verb noun], accusative, singular

śatakrata < śatakrato < śatakratu
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “Indra.”

sānoḥ < sānu
[noun], ablative, singular, masculine. “tableland; ridge; peak; back; ridge; guru.”

sānum < sānu
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “tableland; ridge; peak; back; ridge; guru.”

somapā < soma
[noun], masculine. “Soma; moon; soma [word]; Candra.”

somapā < pāḥ <
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “drinking.”

stomāṃ < stoma
[noun], accusative, plural, masculine. “hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

svarābhi < svara < svar
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “sing.”

svarābhi < abhi
[adverb] “towards; on.”

sacendra < sacā
[adverb] “jointly.”

sacendra < indra
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

sakhyeṣu < sakhya
[noun], locative, plural, neuter. “friendship; aid; company.”

sakhitva < sakhi
[noun] “friend; companion; sakhi [word].”

sakhitva < tve < tva
[noun], locative, singular, neuter. “state; quality; cause; reason.”

śakad < śakat < śak
[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj. “can; invigorate.”

suvīrye < su
[adverb] “very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

suvīrye < vīrye < vīrya
[noun], locative, singular, neuter. “potency; vīrya; heroism; potency; strength; semen; power; deed; active agent; efficacy; vīryapāramitā; gold; vigor; vīrya [word]; virility; manfulness; jewel; force.”

sa < tad
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

śaṃsyaṃ < śaṃsyam < śaṃs
[verb noun], nominative, singular. “recommend; tell; praise; approve; communicate; recite; commend; bode; name; agree.”

śakro < śakraḥ < śakra
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “Indra; Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight et Arn.; ivory tree.”

suteṣu < suta
[noun], locative, plural, masculine. “Soma.”

suvivṛtaṃ < suvivṛtam < suvivṛt
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

sunirajam < suniraja
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

saṃ < sam
[adverb] “sam; together; together; saṃ.”

svarvatīr < svarvatīḥ < svarvat
[noun], accusative, plural, feminine. “bright; bright.”

sahasrasātamām < sahasra
[noun], neuter. “thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

sahasrasātamām < sātamām < sātama
[noun], accusative, singular, feminine.

sutam < suta
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “Soma.”

< su
[adverb] “very; well; good; nicely; beautiful; su; early; quite.”

sahasrasām < sahasra
[noun], neuter. “thousand; one-thousandth; sahasra [word].”

sahasrasām < sām <
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “winning.”

stomam < stoma
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “hymn; Stoma; stoma [word].”

śrudhī < śru
[verb], singular, Aorist imperative. “listen; come to know; hear; hear; listen; study; heed; learn.”

tad < tat < tad
[noun], accusative, singular, neuter. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tvā < tvad
[noun], accusative, singular. “you.”

< tu
[adverb] “now; then; but; and; now; however; then; then; surely.”

tira < tṛ
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “traverse; overcome; float; rescue; reach; satisfy.”

tam < tad
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

tvādātam < tvādāta
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

ūtiṃ < ūtim < ūti
[noun], accusative, singular, feminine. “aid; favor; ūti [word].”

ud
[adverb] “up.”

upaśrutiṃ < upaśrutim < upaśruti
[noun], accusative, singular, feminine. “listening; divination.”

uktham < uktha
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “hymn; praise; uktha [word]; encomium.”

uta
[adverb] “and; besides; uta [indecl.]; similarly; alike; even.”

ubhe < ubh
[noun], nominative, dual, neuter. “both (a).”

vaṃśam < vaṃśa
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “dynasty; bamboo; lineage; genealogy; family; vaṃśa [word]; Sal tree; batch; bridge; beam.”

vṛṣṇir < vṛṣṇiḥ < vṛṣṇi
[noun], nominative, singular, masculine. “Vṛṣṇi; ram.”

vṛṣaṇā < vṛṣaṇa
[noun], accusative, dual, masculine

vrajaṃ < vrajam < vraja
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “cow pen; Vraja; battalion; Vraja; Vraja; vraja [word]; vraj; herd; flock; group.”

vṛdhi < vṛ
[verb], singular, Aorist imperative. “surround; accompany; cover; cover; obstruct; check; spread; envelop.”

vardhaya < vardhay < √vṛdh
[verb], singular, Present imperative. “increase; strengthen; promote; rear; add; greet; laud.”

vaso < vasu
[noun], vocative, singular, masculine. “good; good; benign; vasu [word].”

vardhanam < vardhana
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “increasing; fortifying; promotive; prolonging.”

viśvataḥ < viśvatas
[adverb] “everywhere; around; about.”

vṛddhāyum < vṛddha < vṛdh
[verb noun] “increase; grow; vṛdh; increase; succeed; strengthen; grow up; spread.”

vṛddhāyum < āyum < āyu
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

vṛddhayo < vṛddhayaḥ < vṛddhi
[noun], nominative, plural, feminine. “increase; vṛddhi; vṛddhi; growth; swelling; interest; improvement; teens; erection; benefit; prolongation; multiplication; increase.”

vidmā < vidma < vid
[verb], plural, Perfect indicative. “know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

vṛṣantamaṃ < vṛṣantamam < vṛṣantama
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine.

vṛṣantamasya < vṛṣantama
[noun], genitive, singular, masculine .

yat
[adverb] “once [when]; because; that; if; how.”

yathā
[adverb] “equally; as; so that; like; how; yathā [word]; that; wherein.”

yemire < yam
[verb], plural, Perfect indicative. “concentrate; grant; restrain; cause; control; offer; cover; raise.”

yūthena < yūtha
[noun], instrumental, singular, masculine. “herd; troop; battalion.”

yukṣvā < yuj
[verb], singular, Aorist imperative. “mix; use; endow; yoke; accompany; to practice Yoga; connect; hire; administer; compound; affect; add; concentrate; unite; join; prosecute; combine; supply; compound; attach to; appoint; fill; process; mobilize; mount; complement; eat; join; treat; coincide; affect; challenge.”

yajñaṃ < yajñam < yajña
[noun], accusative, singular, masculine. “yajña; religious ceremony; Vishnu; yajña [word]; Yajña; Shiva.”

yaśaḥ < yaśas
[noun], nominative, singular, neuter. “fame; Yaśas.”

yujaś < yujaḥ < yuj
[noun], ablative, singular, masculine. “ally; friend; pair; two; companion.”

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